Human Performance Lab

Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory

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The Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is dedicated to understanding and disseminating data related to how the body responds to physiological stress. Specifically, to elucidate how the cardiovascular system responds to a variety of different resistance exercise regimes in healthy populations and those with cardiovascular dysfunction.

Vision

The vision of the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is of a world that recognizes and embraces the knowledge of the American College of Sports Medicine and the National Strength and Conditioning Association and understands that Exercise is Medicine.

Current Projects

Are there gender differences in response of the cardiovasculature to acute bouts of resistance exercise with resistance exercise machines?
To date, the data suggest that an acute bout of weight machines exercise significantly alters autonomic modulation, as well as central and peripheral vascular function.  However, the data are lacking in regards to differences in gender.

Are there differences in cognition, autonomic and vascular function in women with Fibromyalgia (FM), women with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease (CFS/SEID) and women with comorbid FM-CFS?
Despite the high overlap of FM and CFS, the etiologies are different.  Data have suggested that these differences might be explained by variances in vascular and autonomic modulation that thereby alter cognition.

Recent Publications and Presentations

View Dr. Kingsley's Curriculum Vitae

Equipment

The laboratory is equipped with the necessary material to measure numerous cardiovascular variables.  For measurement of autonomic modulation we use a tilt table, and an electrocardiogram connected to a AD Instruments Power Lab.  Continual blood pressure is measured with a ccNexFin (Edward Lifesciences).  The electrocardiogram and blood pressure are analysed with WinCPRS software in order to derive variability and baroreflex sensitivity.  The laboratory also utilizes a SphygmoCor  (Atcor Medical) for the assessment of the augmentation index and aortic pulse wave velocity.  For peripheral arterial function we use a Hokanson and strain gauge plethysmography.  The laboratory utilizes a MR4 Class IIIb low-level laser (Multi Radiance, LLC) as a prophylactic and treatment modality as well as a Wingate cycle ergometer (Monark) for the assessment of power.  Furthermore, much of our work does happen in the Strength Laboratory as resistance exercise is one of our primary foci.

RECENT Publications

Tai, Y.L, Gerhart, H., Mayo, X., Kingsley, J.D. (2016).  Acute resistance exercise using free weights on aortic wave reflection characteristics.  Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. Epub: Oct 9. DOI: 10.1111/cpf.12396

Kingsley, J.D., Tai, Y.L., Vaughan, J., Mayo, X.  (2016).  The effects of high-intensity interval exercise on wave reflection and arterial stiffness.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.Epub: August 18: DOI: 10.159/JSC.0000000000001598.

Kingsley, J.D., Mayo, X, Tai, Y.L. & Fennell C.  (2016). Arterial stiffness and cardiac autonomic modulation after acute resistance exercise in resistance-trained individuals.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.  Epub: May 28. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001461

Heisey, C., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). The effects of static stretching on squat performance.  International Journal of Exercise Science, 9, 359-67.

Mayo, X., Igelsias-Soler, E., Ferández-del-Olmo, M., & Kingsley, J.D. (2016).  Exercise type affects cardiac vagal autonomic recovery after a resistance training session.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30, 2565-73.

Kingsley, J.D., Hochgesang, S., Brewer, A., Heidner, G.S., Buxton, E.,Martinson, M. (2014).  Autonomic modulation in resistance-trained individuals after acute resistance exercise.  International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 851-56.

Recent Student Presentations

Tai, Y.L., Fennell, C., Mayo, X., Kingsley, J.D. Vascular function in young women and middle-aged women: Effects of resistance exercise. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Boston, MA, May 2016. (Winner of the 2016 Michael L. Pollock Student Scholarship from the American College of Sports Medicine). 

Trionfante, C., Tai, Y.L., Mayo, X., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). Autonomic modulation following heavy, free-weight resistance exercise.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Boston, MA, May 2016.

Gerhart, H., Tai, Y.L., Stavres, J., Kingsley, J.D.  Aging and autonomic modulation in women: Using resistance exercise as a countermeasure.  Thematic poster presented at American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, May 2015.

McLain, L. Tai, Y.L., Stavres, J., Gerhart, H., Cooper, H., Long, K., Johnson, W., Kingsley, J.D.   Forearm blood flow and reactive hyperemia in response to an acute bout of resistance exercise using free-weights.  Poster presented at American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, May 2015.

Perry, S., Glasgow, A., Marshall, E., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D. (2016).Gender differences in pulse wave reflection and arterial stiffness after resistance exercise. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN. 

Marshall, E., Glasgow, A., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). The effects of resistance exercise on forearm blood flow and vasodilatory capacity between genders.  Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN. 

Hanna, B., Marshall, E., Glasgow, A., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D. (2016).Acute resistance exercise effects on autonomic modulation in resistance-trained men and women.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN. 

Neilson, C., Vaughan, J., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). The effects of hypoxia on power output following multiple Wingate Anaerobic Tests. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN. 

Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E., Glasgow, A., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). Bench press with and without blood flow restriction on pulse wave reflection and arterial stiffness. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN. 

Hanshaw, B., Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E., Glasgow, A., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). Autonomic modulation after an acute bout of bench press with and without blood flow restriction. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN.

Kantura, B., Aladwani, A, Trionfante, C., Nelson, A., Kingsley, J.D. (2016).Effects of knee wrap use on back squat and post-exercise vertical jump performance outcomes in conditioned college-aged individuals. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN.

Trionfante, C., Aladwani, A, Kantura, B., Nelson, A., Kingsley, J.D. (2016).The effects of using knee wraps on back squat performance. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN.

Glasgow, A., Marshall, E., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). Autonomic modulation in response to 3 different autonomic reflex tests in women with Fibromyalgia. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN. 

Contact

Dr. Kingsley is currently accepting MS and PhD level students in his laboratory.  Teaching and research graduate assistantships may be available to qualified students.  If you want to learn more please contact Dr. Kingsley FACSM, CSCS, EP-C at jkingsle@kent.edu or 330-672-0222.