Human Performance Lab

Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory

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The Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is dedicated to understanding and disseminating data related to how the body responds to physiological stress. Specifically, to elucidate how the cardiovascular system responds to a variety of different resistance exercise regimes in healthy populations and those with cardiovascular dysfunction.

Vision

The vision of the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is of a world that recognizes and embraces the knowledge of the American College of Sports Medicine and the National Strength and Conditioning Association and understands that Exercise is Medicine.

Current Projects

Are there gender differences in response of the cardiovasculature to acute bouts of resistance exercise with free weights and/or with resistance machines?
To date, the data suggest that an acute bout of weight machines exercise significantly alters autonomic modulation, as well as central and peripheral vascular function.  However, there are no data using free weights (squat, deadlift, bench), and the data are lacking in regards to differences in gender.

Are there differences in cognition, autonomic and vascular function in women with Fibromyalgia (FM), women with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease (CFS/SEID) and women with comorbid FM-CFS before and after 2 weeks of water aerobics? 
Despite the high overlap of FM and CFS, the etiologies are different.  Data have suggested that these differences might be explained by variances in vascular and autonomic modulation that thereby alter cognition.

 

Recent Publications and Presentations

View Dr. Kingsley's Curriculum Vitae

Publications with Students

Kingsley, J.D., Mayo, X, Tai, Y.L. & Fennell C.  (in press). Arterial stiffness and cardiac autonomic modulation after acute resistance exercise in resistance-trained individuals.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.

Heisey, C., Kingsley, J.D. (in press). The effects of static stretching on squat performance.  International Journal of Exercise Science.

Mayo, X., Igelsias-Soler, E., Ferández-del-Olmo, M., & Kingsley, J.D. (2016).  Exercise type affects cardiac vagal autonomic recovery after a resistance training session.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Epub: Jan 22; DOI: 10.1519/JSC.000000000001347

Kingsley, J.D., Hochgesang, S., Brewer, A., Heidner, G.S., Buxton, E.,Martinson, M. (2014).  Autonomic modulation in resistance-trained individuals after acute resistance exercise.  International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 851-56.

Student Presentations

Tai, Y.L., Fennell, C., Mayo, X., Kingsley, J.D. Vascular function in young women and middle-aged women: Effects of resistance exercise. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Boston, MA, May 2016. (Winner of the 2016 Michael L. Pollock Student Scholarship from the American College of Sports Medicine). 

Heisey, C., Kingsley, J.D. Static stretching on squat performance in Division I in female athletes.  Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN, November 2015.

Fennell, C, Tai, Y.L., Schnee, S., Kingsley, J.D. The effects of acute resistance exercise on forearm blood flow and vasodilatory capacity in resistance-trained individuals. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN, November 2015. 

Mayo, X., Tai, Y.L., Fennell, C., Kingsley, J.D.Acute, heavy resistance exercise alters autonomic modulation in young, trained individuals. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN, November 2015.

Tai, Y.L., Fennell, C., Schnee, S., Kingsley, J.D.Arterial stiffness and pulse wave reflection following an acute bout of resistance exercise in resistance-trained individuals. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN, November 2015.. 

Aladwani, A., Fennell, C, Tai, Y.L.., Kingsley, J.D  Effects of resistance training on vascular function in middle-aged women.  Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN, November 2015.

Trionfante, C., Nelson, A.G., Fennell, C., Aladwani, A., Kingsley, J.D.The effects of knee wraps on vertical jump performance.  Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Fort Wayne, IN, November 2015.

Polen, B., Corbett, D.B., Peroutky, K., Rebold, M., Kobak, M., Glickman, E.L., Kingsley, J.D.   Effects of a 12-week exercise program on physiological and cardiovascular disease risk factors.  Undergraduate Research Symposium, Kent State University, March 2015. (Award Winner)

Vetter, M., Tai, Y.L., Gerhart, H., Kingsley, J.D.  High-intensity exercise on central and peripheral vascular function.  Undergraduate Research Symposium, Kent State University, March 2015. (Award Winner)

Gerhart, H., Tai, Y.L., Stavres, J., Kingsley, J.D.  Aging and autonomic modulation in women: Using resistance exercise as a countermeasure.  Thematic poster presented at American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, May 2015.

McLain, L. Tai, Y.L., Stavres, J., Gerhart, H., Cooper, H., Long, K., Johnson, W., Kingsley, J.D.   Forearm blood flow and reactive hyperemia in response to an acute bout of resistance exercise using free-weights.  Poster presented at American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, May 2015.

Corbett, D.B., Peroutky, K., Gunstad, J., Kingsley, J.D., Glickman, E.L. Effects of a 12-week exercise program on negative emotions in normal weight and obese individuals.  Poster presented at Southeast Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Jacksonville, FL, February 2015.

Tai, Y.L., McLain, L., Cooper, H., Kingsley, J.D.  High-intensity exercise on central and peripheral vascular function.  Paper presented at Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Merrillville, IN, November 2014.

Polen, B., Corbett, D.B., Peroutky, K., Rebold, M., Kobak, M., Glickman, E.L., Kingsley, J.D.  Effects of a 12-week exercise program on physiological and cardiovascular disease risk factors.  Poster presented at Midwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Merrillville, IN, November 2014.

Hupp, L., Lester, A., Costanza, R., Misiak, J., Hershberger, K., Maravola, K., Cooper, H., McLain, L., Tai, Y.L., Peters, F., Kingsley, J.D. Effects of laser therapy on performance and recovery during repeated power tests.  Gallery of Research, College of Education, Health and Human Services, Kent State University, April 2014.

Equipment

The laboratory is equipped with the necessary material to measure numerous cardiovascular variables.  For measurement of autonomic modulation we use a tilt table, and an electrocardiogram connected to a AD Instruments Power Lab.  Continual blood pressure is measured with a ccNexFin (Edward Lifesciences).  The electrocardiogram and blood pressure are analysed with WinCPRS software in order to derive variability and baroreflex sensitivity.  The laboratory also utilizes a SphygmoCor  (Atcor Medical) for the assessment of the augmentation index and central pulse wave velocity.  For peripheral arterial function we use a Hokanson and strain gauge plethysmography.  The laboratory utilizes a MR4 Class IIIb low-level laser (Multi Radiance, LLC) as a prophylactic and treatment modality as well as a Wingate cycle ergometer (Monark) for the assessment of power.  Furthermore, much of our work does happen in the Strength Laboratory as resistance exercise is one of our primary foci.

Contact

If you want to learn more about the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory contact Dr. Kingsley, CSCS, EP-C at jkingsle@kent.edu or 330-672-0222.