The high-resolution x-ray scattering group headed by Dr. Kumar studies structure of new and novel liquid crystals (LC), LC phase transitions, and flow properties. His groups has applied x-ray reflectivity to the study of surfaces and novel non-rubbed alignment layers. His group also dabbles in small angle neutron scattering and heat capacity measurements. He has an ongoing applied effort on polymer dispersed ferroelectric smectic LC displays. In recent years, there have been several efforts to synthesize the long sought-after, achiral ferroelectric smectic phase.