Leadership Development Model



  • Critical Self-Reflection: The process of becoming aware of one’s own perspectives, assumptions,
    and biases that inform how an individual makes meaning of experiences

  • Purpose: Discovering one’s “why” and fulfilling that calling through clear personal and
    vocational goals

  • Personal Values: Deepening one’s understanding of the personal values that guide behavior and
    motivate an individual to take action, and acting in alignment with those values

  • Leadership Foundations: Understanding theories about leadership, articulating a personal
    leadership style, and incorporating leadership knowledge and skills into organizational and
    co-curricular experiences

Personal actions

  • Personal Responsibility: Taking ownership of personal behaviors, and demonstrating a willingness
    and ability to initiate action
  • Change Management: Exercising adaptability, optimism, and the ability to respond productively
    to uncertainty
  • Receiving and Providing Feedback:
    • Developing strategies to offer critiques and advice
    • Valuing constructive feedback to develop individual capacities and effectiveness
  • Functioning Independently: Exercising independence and autonomy when completing tasks
  • Commitment: Demonstrating a dependable, trustworthy character and exercising persistence
    and commitment in the face of adversity

Learning and reasoning

  • Reflection and Application: Establishing a continuous commitment to learning, reflection,
    integration, and application
  • Innovation: Generating new ideas and solutions to address complex problems in an ever-evolving
  • Problem Solving: Understanding how to identify and examine a problem, develop and assess possible
    solutions, and select the most appropriate solution
  • Decision Making: Understanding the factors influencing a decision and incorporating multiple
    perspectives into the decision-making process
  • Critical Thinking:
    • Engaging in rigorous critique with an open mind
    • Analyzing, synthesizing and evaluating information, systems, assumptions, and points of view




Group Dynamics

  • Group Development:
    • Understanding the culture, norms, practices, and behaviors specific to an organization
    • Implementing strategies to assist groups in developing a sense of shared purpose,
      commitment, trust, and effectiveness
  • Collaboration: Implementing strategies to achieve a common objective through the sharing of ideas
    and distribution of responsibilities across group members

  • Communication: Understanding strategies to effectively and persuasively communicate with others

  • Conflict Management:
    • Engaging difference through respectful dialogue and a commitment to hearing
      other’s perspectives
    • Developing strategies to effectively manage disagreements, balancing the needs and interests of
      all involved, and finding common ground
  • Commitment to the Growth of People:
    • Exemplifying a commitment to the growth of each person in a group or organization
    • Sharing knowledge, abilities, and experiences to help develop the capacities of others in an effort
      to maintain the productivity and legacy of an organization
  • Interdependence: Valuing the relational aspects of leadership resulting in an awareness of the
    interconnectedness with others

DIVERSITY, INCLUSION, and cultural competence

  • Diversity: Acknowledging, accepting, and valuing difference including intersectional identities
  • Inclusion:
    • Active consideration and inclusion of diverse opinions, experiences, and outlooks
    • Inviting individuals to share perspectives, and contribute to a cause or task
    • Providing individualized strategies that promotes a sense of belonging for each group member
  • Social Perspective-Taking: Suspending one’s frame of reference to see the world through
    others’ perspectives



  • Social Responsibility:
    • Recognizing one’s responsibility to the welfare of society and its members
    • Enacting this responsibility and commitment through participation in experiences that positively
      contribute to a community or specific systemic issue
  • Global Citizenship:
    • Acknowledging the interdependence of individuals working together towards positive change
    • Recognizing that effective democracy involves individual and collective responsibility
      and commitment to the welfare of others

Social justice

  • Critical Awareness: Awareness of systems of privilege and oppression that contribute to inequitable
    distributions of power based on social location
  • Social Action: Demonstrating the motivation, value, and commitment to create more just, humane,
    and equitable systems within one’s own sphere of influence
  • Critical Hope: Exercising resilient hope and persistence in the collective struggle to redress inequitable
    systems and produce positive change