All sites available to the public, including Kent State University’s publicly accessible websites, must be compliant with WCAG 2.0.
- Images should not be used as buttons or links.
- Images should not contain text unless absolutely necessary.
- Alternative text (alt attributes) must be added to all images.
- Alt attributes for images are required and must convey the meaning of the image rather than the appearance.
- Alt attributes provide a text alternative to image when images are not displayed, as in text-only.
- As is the case with image captions, use of student names is not permitted unless you are featuring a student via a success story or news release. Instead, you might use a caption or alt attribute that states: A freshman anthropology major studies in the department lounge.
When writing copy, avoid the practice of setting a link to additional content on the text “click here.” Instead, set the link on the relevant text.
- Incorrect: To find out more information about our wellness programs, click here.
- Correct: Find more information about our wellness programs.
Do not use blinking text. Visitors cannot stop the text from blinking.
Slideshows (such as PowerPoint files) and PDFs
- Refrain from uploading these kinds of files. PowerPoint files open entirely blank in a screen reader. Additionally, these file types can only be opened if users have the appropriate software installed.
- You must offer this information in an additional format for those using screen readers.
- Student Accessibly Services offers a guide on creating accessible content.
Keep animations to a minimum and, when possible, provide a way to cancel or pause animations on a page. Besides accessibility issues, animations can hinder credibility.
- Avoid using these colors together: gray, red, green, brown and purple.
- Primary Background color should be white. If a background color is used, be sure to offer a text-only version of the website or use effective color contrast (refer to the Color Contrast Ratio Calculator for compliance ratios and to calculate the contrast between two colors).
- Color should not convey meaning – According to information from the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), do not rely on color to convey information. For example, do not instruct a user to click on the “red arrow” to navigate a page.
On long documents, provide a table of contents at the top of the document and navigation links throughout the document to allow the user to return to the top of the document.
Design forms with accessibility in mind. Include directions and cues that will help the person with a visual disability to complete the form. Be consistent in placement of labels for field elements.
Fundamental guidelines for creating accessible Word documents and PDFs are shared at our trainings, after which handouts are provided for reference when creating future documents for departmental websites. Some key accessibility guidelines provided at our trainings include:
- Document tagging
- Heading styles and structure
- Image Alt Text
- Treating scanned documents
- And more
If video host allows, provide closed captioning for your videos. If not available, transcribe video and provide a link to the transcribed content. Videos are considered content and therefore must be captioned for accessibility purposes.
Video captioning vendors
Kent State has worked with the following vendors to support this initiative:
Complete ADA Compliance Information
The above list is a condensed version of a larger set of mandates. Please refer to these websites for complete ADA compliance information:
- U.S. Department of Justice Americans with Disabilities Act Website
- Electronic & Information Technology Accessibility Standards
- Designing for People with Partial Sight and Color Deficiencies
- W3C’s guide to accessibility