Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory

The Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is dedicated to understanding and disseminating data related to how the body responds to physiological stress. Specifically, to elucidate how the cardiovascular systems responds to a variety of different resistance exercise regimes in healthy populations and those with cardiovascular dysfunction.


The vision of the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is of a world that recognizes and embraces the knowledge of the American College of Sports Medicine and the National Strength and Conditioning Association and understands that Exercise is Medicine.

Learn more about the Cardiovascular Dynamics Lab from Dr. J. Derek Kingsley.


The laboratory is equipped with the necessary material to measure numerous cardiovascular variables.  For measurement of autonomic modulation we use a tilt table, and an electrocardiogram connected to a AD Instruments Power Lab.  Continual blood pressure is measured with a ccNexFin (Edward Lifesciences).  The electrocardiogram and blood pressure are analysed with WinCPRS software in order to derive variability and baroreflex sensitivity.  The laboratory also utilizes a SphygmoCor  (Atcor Medical) for the assessment of the augmentation index and central pulse wave velocity.  For peripheral arterial function we use a Hokanson and strain gauge plethysmography.  The laboratory utilizes a MR4 Class IIIb low-level laser (Multi Radiance, LLC) as a prophylactic and treatment modality as well as a Wingate cycle ergometer (Monark) for the assessment of power.  Furthermore, much of our work does happen in the Strength Laboratory as resistance exercise is one of our primary foci.

Recent Publications and Presentations

View Dr. Kingsley's List of Publications

Recent Publications with Students

Marshall, E. M., Parks, J. C., Tai, Y. L., & Kingsley, J. D. (2020). The Effects of Machine-Weight and Free-Weight Resistance Exercise on Hemodynamics and Vascular Function. Int J Exerc Sci, 13(2), 526-538.

Parks, J. C., Marshall, E. M., Tai, Y. L., & Kingsley, J. D. (2019). Free-weight versus weight machine resistance exercise on pulse wave reflection and aortic stiffness in resistance-trained individuals. Eur J Sport Sci, 1-9. doi:10.1080/17461391.2019.1685007

Tai, Y. L., Gerhart, H., Mayo, X., & Kingsley, J. D. (2018). Acute resistance exercise using free weights on aortic wave reflection characteristics. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging, 38(1), 145-150. doi:10.1111/cpf.12396

Tai, Y. L., Marshall, E. M., Glasgow, A., Parks, J. C., Sensibello, L., & Kingsley, J. D. (2019). Autonomic modulation following an acute bout of bench press with and without blood flow restriction. Eur J Appl Physiol, 119(10), 2177-2183. doi:10.1007/s00421-019-04201-x


If you want to learn more about the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory contact Dr. Kingsley, FACSM, CSCS*D, EP-C at or 330-672-0222.