Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory | Exercise Science/Physiology | Kent State University

Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory

The Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is dedicated to understanding and disseminating data related to how the body responds to physiological stress. Specifically, to elucidate how the cardiovascular systems responds to a variety of different resistance exercise regimes in healthy populations and those with cardiovascular dysfunction.

Vision

The vision of the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is of a world that recognizes and embraces the knowledge of the American College of Sports Medicine and the National Strength and Conditioning Association and understands that Exercise is Medicine.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Current Projects

The psychological and physiological effects of different restrictive devices to restrict blood flow during resistance exercise.
To date, the data suggest that blood flow restriction (BFR) can be used to increase muscular strength and hypertrophy. However, the effects of BFR on the cardiovasculature are less understood.  While many studies have used an rapidly-inflated cuff, only a handful of studies have employed a more practical method such as knee wraps.  This study seeks to evaluate discomfort, autonomic modulation, and vascular responses to an acute bout of bench press exercise after using a rapidly-inflated cuff and knee wraps. 

The effects of heavy rope exercise on cardiovascular hemodynamics, central and peripheral vascular function, and autonomic modulation.                                                                                                                                                             Currently, the effects of heavy rope high-intensity exercise on the cardiovasculature are unknown.  Studies have shown that heavy rope training has a profound metabolic effect, with no data examining alterations in cardiovascular function.  This study seeks to add to the current body of knowledge on heavy rope exercise.

The effects of total-body routine versus a split-routine on maximal strength, hemodynamics, central and peripheral vascular function and autonomic modulation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         This study seeks to investigate if performing a total-body resistance exercise routine differs from a split-routine over 16-weeks on cardiovascular modulation.  Previous researchers have demonstrated that changes in maximal strength are similar, but no studies have investigated how these routines affect the cardiovasculature. 

EQUIPMENT

The laboratory is equipped with the necessary material to measure numerous cardiovascular variables.  For measurement of autonomic modulation we use a tilt table, and an electrocardiogram connected to a AD Instruments Power Lab.  Continual blood pressure is measured with a ccNexFin (Edward Lifesciences).  The electrocardiogram and blood pressure are analysed with WinCPRS software in order to derive variability and baroreflex sensitivity.  The laboratory also utilizes a SphygmoCor  (Atcor Medical) for the assessment of the augmentation index and central pulse wave velocity.  For peripheral arterial function we use a Hokanson and strain gauge plethysmography.  The laboratory utilizes a MR4 Class IIIb low-level laser (Multi Radiance, LLC) as a prophylactic and treatment modality as well as a Wingate cycle ergometer (Monark) for the assessment of power.  Furthermore, much of our work does happen in the Strength Laboratory as resistance exercise is one of our primary foci.

Recent Publications and Presentations

View Dr. Kingsley's Curriculum Vitae

Publications with Students

Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E.M., Parks, J.C., Mayo, X., Glasgow, A., Kingsley, J.D. (in press).  Changes in endothelial function after acute resistance exercise using free-weights.  Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology.

Kingsley, J.D., Tai, Y.L, Marshall, E.M., Glasgow, A., Oliveira, R., Parks, J.C., Mayo, X. (2018).  Autonomic modulation and baroreflex sensitivity after acute resistance exercise: Responses between sexes.  The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 

Mayo, X., Iglessias-Soler, E., Kingsley, J.D., Dopico, X. (2017). Interrepetition set misses the v-shape systolic pressure response during resistance exercise. Sports (Basel), 4, e90. 

Glasgow, A., Stone, T., Kingsley, J.D. (2017).  Resistance exercise training on disease impact, pain catastrophizing and autonomic modulation in women with fibromyalgia.  International Journal of Exercise Science, 10, 1184-1195. 

Kingsley, J.D., Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E., Galsgow, A., Mayo X. (2017). Free weight resistance exercise on pulse wave reflection and arterial stiffness between sexes in young, resistance-trained adults. European Journal of Sport Sciences, 17, 1056-1064.  DOI: 1-.1080/17461391.2017.1342275.

Mayo, X., Iglesias-Soler, E., Kingsley, J.D. (2017). Perceived exertion is affected by the submaximal set configuration used in resistance exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001886

Gerhart, H., Tai, Y.L., Fennell, C., Mayo, X., & Kingsley, J.D. (2017).Autonomic modulation in older women: using resistance exercise as a countermeasure. International Journal of Exercise Science, 10, 178-187.

Tai, Y.L., Gerhart, H., Mayo, X., & Kingsley, J.D. (2016). Acute resistance exercise using free weights on aortic wave reflection characteristics. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.  Epub Oct 19:  DOI: 10.1111/cpf.12396

Kingsley, J.D., Tai, Y.L., Vaughan, J., Mayo, X.  (2016).  The effects of high-intensity interval exercise on wave reflection and arterial stiffness.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31, 1313-1320.

Kingsley, J.D., Mayo, X, Tai, Y.L. & Fennell C.  (2016). Arterial stiffness and cardiac autonomic modulation after acute resistance exercise in resistance-trained individuals.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30, 3373-3380.

Heisey, C., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). The effects of static stretching on squat performance.  International Journal of Exercise Science, 9, 359-67.

Mayo, X., Igelsias-Soler, E., Ferández-del-Olmo, M., & Kingsley, J.D. (2016).  Exercise type affects cardiac vagal autonomic recovery after a resistance training session.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30, 2565-73.

Student Presentations (National ACSM or National NSCA) 

Marshall, E.M., Parks, J.C., Tai, Y.L., DeBord, A., Hembree, S., Kingsley, J.D.  The effects of high-intensity heavy rope exercise on pulse wave reflection characteristics in resistance-trained individuals.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Strength and Conditioning Association, Indianapolis IN, July 2018.

Hembree, S., Neilson, C., Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E.M., Parks, J.C., Kingsley, J.D. The effects of hypoxia on power output following multiple wingate anaerobic tests.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Strength and Conditioning Association, Indianapolis In, July 2018.

Parks, J.C., Glasgow, A., Geither, K., Marshall, E.M., Sensibello, L., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D.  Resistance exercise on pulse wave reflection and arterial stiffness between trained and untrained individuals. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May 2018.

Trionfante, C., Kantura, B., Marshall, E.M., Nelson, A.G., Kingsley, J.D.  The effects of wearing knee wraps on total concentric work performed during the back squat exercise.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May 2018.

DeBord, A., Glasgow, A., Giether, K., Sensibello, L., Parks, J.C., Marshall, E.M., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D.  Autonomic modulation after acute resistance exercise in resistance-trained individuals. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May 2018.

Glasgow, A., Geither, K., Parks, J.C., Marshall, E.M., Sensibello, L., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D.  Acute resistance exercise effects on blood flow in resistance-trained versus untrained individuals. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May 2018.

Sensibello, L.. Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E.M., Glasgow, A., Parks, J., Oliveira, R., Kingsley, J.D. The effects of upper- and lower-body blood flow restriction exercise on vascular function.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May 2018.

Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E.M., Glasgow, A., Parks, J., Geither, K., Sensibello, L., Oliveira, R., Kingsley, J.D.  Upper- and lower-body resistance exercise with and without blood flow restriction on pulse wave reflection.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May 2018.

Geither, K., Sensibello, L., Glasgow, A., Parks, J.C., Marshall, E.M., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D. Free-weight exercise versus weight machines on pulse wave reflection.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May 2018.

Marshall, E.M., Glasgow, A., Geither, K., Parks, J.C., Sensibello, L., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D. Different restrictive devices to achieve blood flow restriction on pulse wave reflection.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May 2018.

 

 

Contact

If you want to learn more about the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory contact Dr. Kingsley, FACSM, CSCS, EP-C at jkingsle@kent.edu or 330-672-0222.