Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory | Kent State University

Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory

The Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is dedicated to understanding and disseminating data related to how the body responds to physiological stress. Specifically, to elucidate how the cardiovascular systems responds to a variety of different resistance exercise regimes in healthy populations and those with cardiovascular dysfunction.

Vision

The vision of the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is of a world that recognizes and embraces the knowledge of the American College of Sports Medicine and the National Strength and Conditioning Association and understands that Exercise is Medicine.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Current Projects

The psychological and physiological effects of different restrictive devices to restrict blood flow during resistance exercise.
To date, the data suggest that blood flow restriction (BFR) can be used to increase muscular strength and hypertrophy. However, the effects of BFR on the cardiovasculature are less understood.  While many studies have used an rapidly-inflated cuff, only a handful of studies have employed a more practical method such as knee wraps.  This study seeks to evaluate discomfort, autonomic modulation, and vascular responses to an acute bout of bench press exercise after using a rapidly-inflated cuff and knee wraps. 

Are there gender differences in response of the cardiovasculature to acute bouts of resistance exercise with resistance exercise machines?
To date, the data suggest that an acute bout of weight machines exercise significantly alters autonomic modulation, as well as central and peripheral vascular function.  However, the data are lacking in regards to differences in gender.

Are there differences in cognition, autonomic and vascular function in women with Fibromyalgia (FM), women with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease (CFS/SEID) and women with comorbid FM-CFS?
Despite the high overlap of FM and CFS, the etiologies are different.  Data have suggested that these differences might be explained by variances in vascular and autonomic modulation that thereby alter cognition.

Equipment

The laboratory is equipped with the necessary material to measure numerous cardiovascular variables.  For measurement of autonomic modulation we use a tilt table, and an electrocardiogram connected to a AD Instruments Power Lab.  Continual blood pressure is measured with a ccNexFin (Edward Lifesciences).  The electrocardiogram and blood pressure are analysed with WinCPRS software in order to derive variability and baroreflex sensitivity.  The laboratory also utilizes a SphygmoCor  (Atcor Medical) for the assessment of the augmentation index and central pulse wave velocity.  For peripheral arterial function we use a Hokanson and strain gauge plethysmography.  The laboratory utilizes a MR4 Class IIIb low-level laser (Multi Radiance, LLC) as a prophylactic and treatment modality as well as a Wingate cycle ergometer (Monark) for the assessment of power.  Furthermore, much of our work does happen in the Strength Laboratory as resistance exercise is one of our primary foci.

Recent Publications and Presentations

View Dr. Kingsley's Curriculum Vitae

Publications with Students

Mayo, X., Iglessias-Soler, E., Kingsley, J.D., Dopico, X. (2017). Interrepetition set misses the v-shape systolic pressure response during resistance exercise. Sports. 

Glasgow, A., Stone, T., Kingsley, J.D. (2017).  Resistance exercise training on disease impact, pain catastrophizing and autonomic modulation in women with fibromyalgia.  International Journal of Exercise Science, 10, 1184-1195. 

Kingsley, J.D., Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E., Galsgow, A., Mayo X. (2017). Free weight resistance exercise on pulse wave reflection and arterial stiffness between sexes in young, resistance-trained adults. European Journal of Sport Sciences, 17, 1056-1064.  DOI: 1-.1080/17461391.2017.1342275.

Mayo, X., Iglesias-Soler, E., Kingsley, J.D. (2017). Perceived exertion is affected by the submaximal set configuration used in resistance exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001886

Gerhart, H., Tai, Y.L., Fennell, C., Mayo, X., & Kingsley, J.D. (2017).Autonomic modulation in older women: using resistance exercise as a countermeasure. International Journal of Exercise Science, 10, 178-187.

Tai, Y.L., Gerhart, H., Mayo, X., & Kingsley, J.D. (2016). Acute resistance exercise using free weights on aortic wave reflection characteristics. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.  Epub Oct 19:  DOI: 10.1111/cpf.12396

Kingsley, J.D., Tai, Y.L., Vaughan, J., Mayo, X.  (2016).  The effects of high-intensity interval exercise on wave reflection and arterial stiffness.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31, 1313-1320.

Kingsley, J.D., Mayo, X, Tai, Y.L. & Fennell C.  (2016). Arterial stiffness and cardiac autonomic modulation after acute resistance exercise in resistance-trained individuals.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30, 3373-3380.

Heisey, C., Kingsley, J.D. (2016). The effects of static stretching on squat performance.  International Journal of Exercise Science, 9, 359-67.

Mayo, X., Igelsias-Soler, E., Ferández-del-Olmo, M., & Kingsley, J.D. (2016).  Exercise type affects cardiac vagal autonomic recovery after a resistance training session.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30, 2565-73.

Kingsley, J.D., Hochgesang, S., Brewer, A., Heidner, G.S., Buxton, E.,Martinson, M. (2014).  Autonomic modulation in resistance-trained individuals after acute resistance exercise.  International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 851-56.

Student Presentations (National ACSM) 

Gilmore, O., Tai, Y.L., Marshall, E., Glasgow, A., Kingsley, J.D.  Autonomic modulation after an acute bout of bench press with and without blood flow restriction. Poster will be presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Denver CO, May 2017.

Glasgow, A., Marshall, E., Tai, Y.L. Kingsley, J.D. Acute resistance exercise effects on autonomic modulation between resistance-trained men and women. Poster will be presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Denver CO, May 2017.

Marhsall, E., Glasgow, A., Tai, Y.L., Kingsley, J.D. Sex-specific differences in pulse wave reflection and arterial stiffness after resistance exercise. Thematic poster will be presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Denver CO, May 2017.

Trionfante, C., Kantura, B., Aladwani, W., Nelson, A., Kingsley, J.D. Back squat performance characteristics of resistance-trained males are affected by wearing knee wraps.  Poster will be presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Denver CO, May 2017.

Trionfante, C., Tai, Y.L., Mayo, X., Kingsley, J.D .  Autonomic modulation following heavy, free-weight resistance exercise.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Boston, MA, May 2016.

Tai, Y.L., Fennell, C., Mayo, X., Kingsley, J.D. Vascular function in young women and middle-aged women: Effects of resistance exercise. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Boston, MA, May 2016. (Winner of the 2016 Michael L. Pollock Student Scholarship from the American College of Sports Medicine). 

Gerhart, H., Tai, Y.L., Stavres, J., Kingsley, J.D.  Aging and autonomic modulation in women: Using resistance exercise as a countermeasure.  Thematic poster presented at American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, May 2015.

McLain, L. Tai, Y.L., Stavres, J., Gerhart, H., Cooper, H., Long, K., Johnson, W., Kingsley, J.D.   Forearm blood flow and reactive hyperemia in response to an acute bout of resistance exercise using free-weights.  Poster presented at American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, May 2015.

 

Contact

If you want to learn more about the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory contact Dr. Kingsley, FACSM, CSCS, EP-C at jkingsle@kent.edu or 330-672-0222.