1. Goals and Mission of the Department

    The primary objectives of the Department of Biological Sciences are to:

    1.         Create an academic environment conducive to the intellectual and professional development of students and faculty;

    2.         Develop and maintain a commitment to scholarly activity in research and graduate education commensurate with the goals and mission of a major university;

    3.         Provide programs for undergraduate majors which meet the educational and technological demands of the profession;

    4.         Present courses for majors in cognate academic and professional fields which provide the necessary base for career goals and for other majors which provide an understanding of the philosophy and role of science in society; and,

    5.         Provide the various publics with the services commensurate with a University.

                Implicit in these objectives are our responsibilities as teachers, educating the professional biologist at the undergraduate and graduate levels, providing training in the health sciences, and promoting and clarifying the role and philosophy of science in liberal education.

                A strong commitment to research is recognized by the Department as a significant means of creating a stimulating intellectual environment and achieving our broader commitments to the advancement of knowledge and service to the public.  Graduate education is an integral and valued component within the Department contributing to the overall intellectual and learning environment.  The Department views the development of nationally recognized programs in research and graduate education, especially at the doctoral level, as primary aims within this decade.  Reflecting this emphasis, the Department has enlarged its core doctoral and master's programs in botany, ecology, and physiology.  Faculty from the Department participate in the School of Biomedical Sciences graduate programs.

                At the undergraduate level, baccalaureate degree programs offered through the Department provide educational opportunity for two distinct groups of students with different career goals.  The Bachelor of Arts degree is designed for the student interested in the biological sciences but not committed to a career therein.  This degree provides a basic background in the biological sciences while providing the opportunity to develop a breadth in the liberal arts. The Bachelor of Science degree is designed for the student interested in a career in one of the biological sciences.  This degree provides a greater depth of educational experience in the biological sciences as well as in the supporting fields of chemistry and mathematics.  This program is selected typically by the pre-professional school student, the student preparing for graduate study, and the student preparing for entry into some biological sciences career.

                Within the two degree programs, the Department offers a total of seven majors.  Biology, botany and zoology majors are available in both programs.  Conservation and medical technology majors are available within the Bachelor of Science degree.  The variety of majors provides a diverse student population with the educational needs and requirements in specialized biological sciences subdisciplines at a state-of-the-art level.  A primary objective within the Department is to provide students with the opportunity to develop the technical, experimental, and intellectual skills involved with modern instrumentation, field and laboratory experiences, and the scientific method necessary to compete in the scientific community.

                For the student who is not a major, the Department envisions its role in a two-fold nature.  The Department presents courses which meet specific educational goals and form the life sciences basis for the School of Nursing, the College of Education, the School of Family and Consumer Studies, the School of Exercise, Leisure, and Sport, and the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine.  For other nonmajors, the Department presents courses which meet the concept of general education in clarifying the role and philosophy of science in the liberal education.  The role of the Department in providing these types of courses for the University community is recognized as a most important and significant component in our being.

                Service to the University and the general public is recognized as a contributing role for the faculty.  Service, both professional and personal, aids in unifying and clarifying the role of the University in the local community, in the State of Ohio, in the nation, and is a valued component within our Department.

  2. Appointment and Employment Procedures and Regulations

    1.         Faculty Appointments

    Possession of a doctoral degree in a biological sciences discipline is required for all faculty appointments in a tenure track position in the Department of Biological Sciences, with the exception of the technical associate degree program faculty.  Postdoctoral experience is preferred.  Reappointment, tenure, and promotion review criteria will include instruction, service, and scholarly activity involving the principles of teaching, discovery, integration, and application.  (Appendix II and Appendix III)

    For appointment in a tenure track position in the Regional Campuses in a technical associate degree program, the possession of the doctoral degree in a biological sciences discipline is preferred.  A research-based masters degree in a biological sciences discipline with appropriate evidence of scholarly activity and applicable experience in the specific areas of the technical program is acceptable.  This specifically precludes the non-thesis type masters degree from consideration.  Reappointment, tenure, and promotion review criteria will include instruction, service, and scholarly activity involving the principles of teaching, discovery, integration, and application (Appendix III).  The level of scholarly activity will be commensurate with the normal and typical expectations for any Regional Campus faculty regardless of the degree held (Appendix IV).

  3. Faculty Ranks

    The basic definitions of faculty ranks are given in the UPR and the CBA; the following is supplementary and specific to the Department.

                1.      Instructor

                         This rank is intended for persons initially hired with a master's degree.  The Department does not hire at the rank of instructor except for temporary positions (UPR 3342-6-03) or faculty in technical associate degree programs.

                2.      Assistant Professor

                         This rank is the normal entry level position for faculty holding the doctorate in biological sciences.  Unless the Department is authorized by the Dean to hire at a higher rank, new faculty are recruited for assistant professor rank.  An individual with a research-based masters degree may be hired for technical associate degree programs.

                3.       Associate Professor


                         Promotion to this rank presumes prior service as an assistant professor, significant academic achievements, and possession of the doctorate in biological sciences.  All individuals with a research-based Masters degree may be hired for technical associate degree programs.

                4.      Full Professor

                         Promotion to this rank requires credentials and achievements beyond those required for promotion to associate professor and is reserved for senior faculty members who have achieved significant recognition.  An individual with a research-based masters degree may be promoted to this rank in the technical associate degree program.

                5.      Research Associate and Research Assistant

                         These ranks are reserved for individuals who are engaged in research and do not have teaching responsibilities.  Such positions are typically supported by extramural grant funds and are not tenure track appointments.  Faculty holding these ranks do not vote in Departmental matters.

  4. Adjunct appointments

    This rank is held primarily by faculty from other institutions or persons on the staffs of area hospitals involved in training students in the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program.  For faculty, adjunct appointments are made at the rank of the home institution.  Hospital staff holding a Masters degree are appointed at the rank of Full professor. Other adjunct appointment ranks are made at the discretion of the Chairperson.  Continuation of adjunct appointments in the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program is dependent upon the continuation of the contractual arrangements between the specific hospital and the University.  Adjunct faculty are not involved in Departmental governance.

  5. Visiting Appointments

    Visiting Appointments at an appropriate faculty rank may be made when leaves of absence occur and funds are available. Usually appointments are made to meet specific curricular needs.

  6. Temporary and Term Faculty Appointments

    When the Department cannot meet its teaching needs from the ranks of its regular faculty and graduate students temporary appointments will be made from an established pool of qualified applicants not currently on regular appointment at the University.  Usually these are part-time appointments.  A term appointment is a full time appointment for a specific salary and period of time.  This is a non-tenure track appointment (UPR 3342-6-03).

  7. Graduate Faculty Ranks

    The Department of Biological Sciences is a doctoral degree granting Department, and requires that all faculty hired for tenure track positions on the Kent Campus be qualified for appointment to the graduate faculty as associate or full members.  The criteria for appointment to the graduate faculty are described in Appendix V and UPR 3342-6-42.

  8. Recruiting of Faculty

    The Department supports the goals of equal opportunity and affirmative action in recruiting and in making appointments to the faculty.  Permanent tenure track faculty positions are advertised on a national basis and in the University's Job Opp following the recruiting practices established by the Office of Human Resources.  A Search Committee, appointed by the Chairperson after consultation with the FAC and the faculty in the specific area or discipline involved, conducts the search for candidates.  Search committees include a student member selected by the faculty members serving on the committee.  Following the search, the committee recommends to the Chairperson that two or three candidates be brought to campus for an interview.  Each interviewed candidate presents a seminar before the Department.  The Search Committee may recommend its choice of candidates in rank order to the faculty for discussion and a recommendatory vote.  These recommendations then are presented to the Chairperson.  Recommendations are advisory to the Chairperson who makes a recommendation to the Dean of the College.  If the Dean concurs with the Chairperson, a recommendation is forwarded to the University central administration.  If the Chairperson's recommendation is not in agreement with those of the Search Committee and the faculty, the Chairperson shall inform the Dean of all recommendations and the reasons for the disagreement (UPR 3342-6-02 and UPR 3342-6-03).

  9. Role and Responsibility of the Faculty

    Each faculty member is expected to contribute to the Department and the University according to the terms of appointment.  Some faculty members make their primary contribution in teaching while others emphasize research.  High quality teaching and scholarly activity are expected of all faculty and are recognized by the Department as being of equal importance.  Service to the Department, the College, and the University is expected of each faculty member.

    Faculty members are expected to provide students with a syllabus or outline of the subject matter to be covered in a course, a listing of assignments and/or reports, approximate dates of examinations, grading standards, attendance requirements, and other pertinent details of the conduct of the class.  For Kent Campus faculty, a Student Evaluation of Teaching is required in each semester and will be conducted under the auspices of the Chair.   For Regional Campus faculty, Student Evaluation of Teaching will be conducted according to the dictates of the appropriate Regional Campus Dean.  Peer review of teaching is encouraged.  Probationary faculty undergo peer review each year of the probationary period.  Supervision and direction of undergraduate research projects and theses are part of the teaching function.

    Scholarly activity is expected of all faculty, although the extent and/or type of activity may vary with specific faculty member assignment and campus location.  Those faculty on the Kent Campus involved in research and the graduate program are expected to present evidence of their endeavors as witnessed by publication, presentation of papers, seeking of extramural funding, activity in professional organizations, and the training of graduate students.  Those Kent Campus faculty whose primary contribution is in teaching are encouraged to participate in research and are expected to present evidence of scholarly activity, either as noted above or in the area of pedagogical research and instructional development.  Regional Campus faculty are encouraged to participate in research and are expected to present evidence of scholarly activity, either as noted above or in the area of pedagogical research and instructional development.  Evidence of research and scholarship is essential for reappointment, tenure, and promotion (Section V, Appendix II and Appendix III).

    Service to the University is a responsibility of each faculty member.  Departmental, Collegial, and University committee or task force membership is expected as a normal portion of the workload.  Special or outstanding service above and beyond that which is typical may be considered during review of a faculty member, but service alone will not abrogate the expectations for quality teaching and scholarly activity.  Public service is encouraged and recognized as a part of the appointment of each faculty member, although contributions in this area can be expected to vary widely due to the nature of individual subdisciplines within the biological sciences.

  10. Faculty Code of Ethics

    All members of the Biological Sciences faculty are expected to maintain the highest of standards as teachers, scholars, and colleagues.  The Department subscribes to the Faculty Code of Ethics (UPR 2342-6-05 and UPR 3342-6-55).

  11. Faculty Duties

    Faculty members are expected to maintain at least five office hours per week while on teaching appointment (UPR 3342-6-53).  The office hours are to be posted on the faculty member's office door and communicated to the Department Office as well as to the faculty member's students.  If a student, for a legitimate reason or reasons, is unable to meet at the stated hours, the faculty member should be willing to make appointments to meet the student's needs.

    In order to assist in student advising, faculty members should maintain current knowledge of University, College, and Departmental programs and requirements.

    Faculty members are expected to participate in recruitment programs, graduation ceremonies, and Integrated Life Sciences functions or other appropriate activities.

  12. Faculty Sanctions

    A sanction is a documented corrective action in response to a faculty member's unsatisfactory performance of his/her duties and responsibilities as a member of the faculty.  (See "Sanctions for Cause" in the CBA, UPR 3342-3-22 and UPR 3342-3-23.)

  13. Faculty Profile

    It is a faculty member's responsibility to maintain a current curriculum vitae to be kept on file in the Departmental Office. The CV should be updated annually.

  14. Leaves of Absence

    All leaves, sponsored or unsupported, personal or professional, are subject to the approval of the Chairperson, the Dean of the College, and the Provost.

                There are several types of University leaves.  These include:

                1.      Research leaves (UPR 3342-6-34)

                2.      Leaves of absence without pay (UPR 3342-6-35)

                3.      Faculty professional improvement leaves (UPR 3342-6-351 and UPR 3342-6-352)

                4.      Research/Creative Activities appointments (UPR 3342-6-39)

  15. Authorization of Absences and Travel Policy

    Faculty members who will be absent from campus for professional or personal reasons must file a Request for Absence Form with the Chairperson.  The request should be made at least one month prior to the planned absence and is subject to the approval of the Chairperson and the Dean of the College.  Arrangements for any classes to be missed during the absence must be satisfactory before approval can be granted.

    Attendance at professional meetings is encouraged and travel expenses incurred in attending such meetings will be reimbursed according to the University's travel regulations and subject to the availability of Departmental funds.  In general, greater amounts of support will be granted to participants (i.e., those presenting a paper or chairing a session) than to faculty members simply attending professional meetings.  Faculty members may also apply for travel support to Research and Graduate Studies and the College of Arts and Sciences (UPR 3342-7-13).

  16. Faculty Sick Leave

    The Chairperson is responsible for keeping complete records of faculty sick leave.  However, it is the responsibility of the faculty member to file the appropriate sick leave forms with the Chair (UPR 3342-6-31).

  17. Professional Consulting Activities

    Faculty members are permitted to engage in professional consulting activities providing that they do not interfere with the faculty member's teaching, research, or service duties to the Department or University.  Such activities must be approved in advance by the Chairperson and the Dean of the College.  Faculty members are bound by the Faculty Code of Ethics (UPR 3342-6-05, UPR 3342-6-33, UPR 3342-6-43, and UPR 3342-6-55).

  18. Copyright Restrictions

    All faculty members should be aware of current copyright laws which restrict the copying of published materials.  For further information, contact the Office of Legal Affairs.

  19. Faculty Grievance and Appeal Procedures

    1. Informational Procedure

      Any faculty member with a grievance is strongly encouraged, before initiating formal grievance or appeal procedures, to communicate with the Department Chairperson.  The Chairperson may ask for the advice and recommendation of individual faculty members or faculty groups in seeking a solution to complaints and problems.

    2. Formal Procedures

      Formal procedures for addressing grievances affecting the terms and conditions of employment of faculty are described in the CBA. Disputes involving substantive academic judgments are subject to a separate academic appeals process governed by the CBA.

                 Faculty grievances that are not directly related to terms or conditions of employment and are not academic appeals are appropriately addressed within the Department.  The Chairperson and/or faculty members will initiate an informal dialogue with the parties involved and strive to provide a solution amenable to all.

  20. Students

    Students, both undergraduate and graduate, are of primary concern to all faculty members, and students' academic needs are of primary importance to the Department of Biological Sciences.  General participate in various Departmental committees including the Undergraduate Curriculum Committee, Graduate Studies Committee, and those ad hoc committees where students' viewpoints are useful and desirable to know.  Student appointments to committees are made by the Chairperson after seeking the advice of the Faculty Advisory Committee and the faculty involved and affected by the committee's work.

    1..        Advising

                Faculty should be willing to advise and counsel undergraduate and graduate students on academic matters.  General advising at the undergraduate level is coordinated by the Undergraduate Advisor who serves as the Departmental representative for College and University functions related to undergraduate activities.  Individual faculty members are responsible for providing academic counseling to undergraduate students assigned to them and to other undergraduate students who seek such advice.  Student advising at the graduate level is conducted by the student's "major professor" and their dissertation committee members.

    2.         Cheating and Plagiarism

                The Department follows the definitions and policies in the UPR (UPR 3342-3-07).

    3.         Student Grievance Procedure

                The Department follows the definitions and policies of the UPR (UPR 3342-4-16).

    4          Transfer Credit Procedure

                Evaluation of undergraduate transfer credit in the Department of Biological Sciences is done by the Assistant to the Chairperson.  The Assistant to the Chairperson may consult with a faculty member who teaches the specific course or courses at issue.  Questions of transfer credit for other subject areas should be referred to the College Office.

                Evaluation of graduate transfer credit in the Department of Biological Sciences is done according to the process described in the current Graduate Schools Catalog.  Both masters and doctoral transfer credit may be accepted if the criteria are met and the student's adviser, the BSCI Graduate Studies Committee, and the graduate dean approve.

  21. Privacy of Faculty and Student Records

    The Chairperson is responsible for ensuring that the members of the Department of Biological Sciences shall at all times adhere to the legal guidelines regarding dissemination of records and other information regarding members of the faculty as well as students.  These guidelines require, among other things, that faculty members keep thorough academic records.  They also forbid the posting of grades by name, social security number or any other system which might potentially reveal a student's academic record or portion thereof (UPR 3342-5-08, UPR 3342-5-09, UPR 3342-5-16).

  22. Student Evaluations

    All courses are evaluated each term, including summer sessions, using the approved Student Evaluation of Teaching form.  Faculty are informed of the day and time for the evaluation.  Graduate students administer the evaluation under the direction of a Departmental secretary.  The student evaluations are returned in a sealed envelope to the Department Office.  The Administrative Assistant arranges for appropriate scoring of the evaluations according to the approved norm grouping for the Department.  The evaluations are not available to individual faculty until after grades are submitted to the Registrar.  Student Evaluations of Teaching and the results are maintained in permanent file in the Department Office.  These are available for faculty review of his/her course(s), and a copy of these may be obtained by that individual.  Regional Campus faculty Student Evaluation of Teaching falls under the aegis of the specific campus at which the course is taught.

  23. Regional Campus Faculty

    1.         Regional Campus Faculty

                Regional Campus faculty have full voting rights in the Department of Biological Sciences and serve on appropriate Departmental committees, including the UGCC, the FAC, and the Reappointment, Tenure, and Promotion Committees.  Graduate faculty membership is open to Regional Campus faculty who meet the criteria.

    2.         Workloads, Reappointment, Tenure

                Workloads, course assignments, and salary recommendations for Regional Campus faculty are determined by the individual Regional Campus Deans.  Reappointment, tenure, and promotion recommendations for Regional Campus faculty are made by the Chairperson with the advice of the Department's Reappointment, Tenure, and Promotion Committees.  Recommendations from the Chairperson and those from the committee are forwarded to the Dean of the College, to the Vice president for Regional Campuses, and the appropriate Regional Campus Dean.  The guidelines for reappointment, tenure, and promotion given in Section V (Appendix II and Appendix III) are used for Regional Campus faculty.  Instructional expertise and continued professional growth must also be evident if a faculty member is to be recommended for reappointment, tenure, and/or promotion. Promotion to the rank of Full Professor, in particular, requires that a faculty member be accomplished in teaching, research, and scholarship.  In this context, it should be noted explicitly that published research on the teaching process and other similar scholarship may be considered as acceptable evidence of continued professional growth.

  24. Curricular Policies and Procedures

    A.        Curricula

                Curricular changes may be proposed by any faculty member for consideration by the UGCC and the GSC.  Either of these committees may initiate curriculum changes.  The proposal must be submitted to the faculty at least five working days prior to the voting by the entire faculty.  If the recommendation from either committee is not unanimous, a minority report may be submitted at the same time.  If recommended by a majority, the proposal is forwarded to the Department Chairperson whose recommendation is sent to the College for consideration.

    B.         Final Exams

                Final examinations in all courses must be offered at the time and date specified in the schedule of final examinations.  Changes of time and/or date of the final examination require prior approval of the Chairperson and Dean, but in any case the exam must also be offered at the originally assigned time for those students who desire to take the exam at the specified hour.

    C.         Grades

                It is essential to inform students of their progress throughout the term.  Grades are a faculty member's responsibility and should be assigned fairly and objectively.  Submission of final grades should comply with University policy.  The grade sheets (two copies) are submitted to the Main Office of the Department of Biological Sciences for forwarding to the Registrar.

                Materials used in computing grades (e.g., exams, papers, reports, etc.) should be retained by the instructor for five years after final grades are filed.  Students have a right to inspect and discuss with the instructor the written work performed during a course.

    D.        Audits

                Students may audit any course subject to space availability and departmental approval.  Faculty have the discretion to determine conditions and requirements for the audit.

  25. Amendment and Revision

    Suggestions for amendments or alterations to the handbook may be initiated at any time by the Chairperson or by any faculty member.  Proposed changes are subject to discussion, revision, and recommendation by the FAC.  When a proposed alteration constitutes a major change in Departmental policy or practice the Chairperson may seek the recommendations of the entire faculty.  If the Chairperson concurs with a proposed alteration or amendment, he or she recommends the change to the Dean of the College.  All changes to the handbook are subject to the approval of the Dean of the College. The Dean may direct that the handbook be amended or revised to reflect changes in College or University policy.

  26. Principles for the Evaluation and Reward of Faculty Scholarship

    The Department of Biological Sciences criteria for the evaluation and reward of faculty scholarship have as their foundation the scholarship of discovery, integration, application, and teaching as endorsed by the Faculty Senate of Kent State University, October 1992.  Section V of the handbook describes how these criteria are applied during evaluation of candidates for reappointment, tenure, and promotion.

    I.     Role and responsibility of the faculty.  Faculty in the Department of Biological Sciences are expected to contribute to the Department, the Campus, the College, and the University according to the terms of their appointment.  Generally, faculty contribute inclusively to education, service, and research.  In each case, high quality scholarship is expected.  Furthermore, each faculty member is expected to advise students as well as to provide service to the Department, the Campus, the College, and the University.

    II.    Principles of evaluation.  The Department of Biological Sciences at Kent State University is a multidisciplinary unit.  Hence, many factors, both objective and subjective, must be considered when evaluating faculty performance in scholarship and service.  The primary criteria for review must include the faculty member’s contributions in the areas of scholarship of discovery, integration, application, and teaching (summarized below and in Table 1) as well as professional integrity and University citizenship.  

    The Scholarship of Discovery involves the generation of new knowledge, disciplinary and pedagogical, as outlined in Table 1.

    The Scholarship of Integration interprets and brings new insight to what has been discovered, examining it in a broad and, in some cases, a multidisciplinary context, as outlined in Table 1.

    The Scholarship of Application involves the use of existing knowledge to solve important problems, as outlined in Table 1.

    The Scholarship of Teaching involves actions associated with education in the undergraduate and/or graduate degree program, as outlined in Table 1.

    University Citizenship includes service activities not necessarily tied to one’s special field of knowledge which make significant positive contributions to the advancement of the educational, scholarly, and governance goals and missions of the Department, the Campus, the College, or the University.

    Although the standards for evaluating scholarly activity and productivity, such as publications and other scholarly pursuits may be stated easily, the originality, quality, and value of the work may be difficult to assess.  Application of such standards in reappointment, tenure and promotion proceedings are described in Section V of this handbook, while applications of such standards in merit considerations are described in Section VI.

    1. Scholarship of Discovery, Integration, Application.  All faculty members in Biological Sciences are expected to sustain a strong record in the areas of scholarship of discovery, integration and/or application. 


    Pedagogical discovery, integration, and application, resulting in publications and presentations, will be considered in the review process and can be considered under the Scholarship of Discover, Integration, and Application and/or the Scholarship of Teaching.  Attempts to secure extramural funding for instructional development will be considered during review.

    B.   Scholarship of Teaching.  All faculty members in Biological Sciences are expected to sustain a strong record in undergraduate and/or graduate education.  Faculty must stimulate active learning and critical thinking by providing an honest and intelligible account of subject content and process.

    It is recognized that these criteria are difficult to evaluate quantitatively.  However, certain evidences are obtainable and, when considered together, can provide a means to assess instructional quality.  Written comments from students, colleagues within and outside the Department, Departmental Chairs, and the candidate will be considered if available to the Advisory Committee.  Student evaluations may provide useful information when considered in light of the student’s level and background.  Student evaluations of faculty teaching must be a part of the submitted record of candidates for promotion.

    1. University Citizenship.  Being an active and contributing citizen of the Department, the Campus, the College, and the University is required of all faculty members.  However, service cannot outweigh a faculty member’s performance in his or her primary responsibilities in scholarship.

    Significant public service, related to one’s own profession, may be considered as part of the review process for reappointment, tenure and promotion, although such activity is not requisite for the granting of such.  Such endeavors might include, as examples, forming and leading groups, and presenting talks and speeches.

    1. Outside of the standard Boyer Categories significant public service, related to one’s own research area, may be considered as part of the review process for reappointment, tenure and promotion, although such activity is not requisite for the granting of such.  Such endeavors might include, as examples, forming and leading groups, and presenting talks and speeches.

    Approved by BSCI FAC  .

    Approved BSCI full faculty 

    Approved by Dean, Arts and Sciences and Provost, xxx x, xxxx.

    TABLE 1.   Categorical examples of scholarly activity within the Department of Biological Sciences.

    Scholarship of Discovery, Integration, Application, and Teaching, as well as University Citizenship constitute avenues of professional activity expected of faculty members of the Department of Biological Sciences.  Within these categories, we recognize a variety of activities to be characteristic of each of the four themes of scholarship.  While activities emphasized will vary considerably among individuals, the scholarly activity of all faculty and the merits provided for these activities, should be evaluated within the framework of each scholarship theme.

    The following table provides examples characteristic of our discipline which should be considered in evaluating performance of BSCI faculty.  These lists are not all-inclusive and the activities may fit more than one category.  Rather, they are intended to illustrate broad categorical examples of scholarly activities for biological scientists.

    Scholarship of Discovery

    • peer-reviewed publications
    • extramural funding of disciplinary and pedagogical research
    • presentations of research
    • theses and dissertations directed to completion

    Scholarship of Integration

    • review papers, books & book chapters                                                           
    • serving on professional advisory boards outside the University community
    • symposium presentations                                                 
    • writing textbooks                                                               
    • writing laboratory methods manuals
    • books edited or review
    • participatory memberships in professional organizations

    Scholarship of Application

    • experimental methods manuals                                                                                                       
    • museum specimen production                                                                                         
    • research patents                                                                  
    • student advising
    • published study guides or instructors manuals
    • holding instructional workshops
    • manuscript & grant reviews
    • consulting within/outside University community
    • journal editorship and editorial board membership
    • serving as officer in a professional society
    • organizing a professional conference, symposium, or invited session

    Scholarship of Teaching

    • graduate student research training                                   
    • undergraduate research training
    • evaluations of undergraduate and graduate student instruction
    • mentoring, tutoring
    • developing and restructuring courses

    University Citizenship

    • advising student organizations
    • public presentations of University activities
    • serving on committees and advisory boards in the Department, the Campus, the College, and the University