Scholarship is an essential and critical component of University activity. The originality, quality, impact and value of the work must be assessed. To assist this process, the candidate shall submit the names of at least five (5) experts in her/his field who are considered capable of judging the candidate's work. The Chairperson and FAC may also suggest names. Each external reviewer will be asked to state specifically whether impact commensurate with tenure and/or promotion (as applicable) has been demonstrated according to the criteria of MCLS. Normally, it is expected that all the external reports will be positive in successful tenure cases, although the Department reserves the right to exercise its own judgment in weighting external reports.

The candidate must provide the Ad Hoc RTP Committee with ample descriptive evidence of his/her scholarly activity. Information on appropriate documentation is available from the Chair, and probationary candidates should consult their peer mentors for other resources to assist in the preparation of the dossier. The categories of scholarship to be considered in tenure and promotion reviews, with examples of the types of scholarly dissemination considered appropriate for inclusion in a dossier, are listed separately below.

Because Faculty in MCLS are encouraged to participate across functional units, published peer-reviewed or invited research in the fields of Language, Literature and Culture, Pedagogy and Translation Studies will be considered applicable toward tenure and promotion for all candidates. Faculty need not limit their scholarship to the area represented by their functional unit. There is a greater priority on quality of the scholarship itself and the venues than the scholarship topics.

When appropriate, works in the category of application may be assigned the same weight toward tenure as works in the categories of discovery and integration. Particularly in the areas associated with applied linguistics (translation and second language pedagogy), applied scholarship has a long and recognized tradition. In order to assist committees in evaluating and weighting works categorized as applied, candidates should explain and document in the dossier how such works have been received by scholarly peers or community partners either before or after dissemination, and by what objective measures the success of the works can be gauged.

1. Quantitative expectation: Because the types of research and the modes of dissemination of research by faculty in MCLS are so varied, no single number of published items can serve as a rigid standard for judging a candidate’s work. At the same time, the department expects successful candidates to meet a minimum quantitative standard for published research. Candidates are generally expected to produce the equivalent of five refereed items (or if at a Regional Campus, 3 refereed items) by the time they stand for tenure or promotion to Associate Professor, although scholarship of exceptional quality may be recognized accordingly. For promotion to Professor, the equivalent of an additional five refereed items is the minimum quantitative requirement. If a candidate has published a single-authored scholarly book, a scholarly refereed book-length translation or an analogous work during the period under review, this will usually be considered equivalent to five "article-length" contributions. Books with two or more co-authors will usually be recognized on a pro rata basis. Edited books will be treated as equivalent to three articles, and co-editorship credit will be allocated in the same manner as co-authorship. Any article by the editor in an edited book is treated as a separate article, but the introduction is not counted as a separate article. The Department reserves the right to vary from these numbers when the quality merits so doing.

In addition to publications and applications for external and internal funding, the following may be used to support the case for reappointment, tenure or promotion, although they cannot form its primary basis: journal or book series editorship, book reviews, non-reviewed conference publications, conference presentations. Service grants and grants for equipment, travel, seminar participation, publication, and offprint subvention cannot be included under scholarship, but may be included, as appropriate, under the Teaching and Citizenship categories.

Table 1. Assessment of Scholarship for Promotion and Tenure

Scholarship rating




Nationally/ internationally recognized research agenda and outcomes

  • Sustained research agenda resulting in demonstrable national and international impact on the discipline and publications exceeding the quantitative expectations of the department; AND
  • Record of application for external funding* in support of candidate’s research and/or departmental mission; AND
  • Invitations to present or collaborate by disinterested colleagues in the field, research-related service in professional organizations, or other forms of scholarly recognition


 Very Good

Emerging nationally

recognized research agenda and outcomes

  • Research agenda resulting in demonstrable impact on the discipline and meeting the quantitative expectations of the department; AND
  • Record of application for internal funding* in support of candidate’s research and/or departmental mission; AND
  • Invitations to present or collaborate by disinterested colleagues in the field; research-related service in professional organizations, or other forms of scholarly recognition.


Active research agenda with limited outcomes

  • Some peer reviewed publications or funding applications, but falls slightly below the quantitative expectations of the department; AND
  • Invitations to present or collaborate by disinterested colleagues in the field, research-related service in professional organizations, or other forms of scholarly recognition.


Weak research agenda with limited outcomes

  • Occasional publications or meeting presentations; falls well below the quantitative expectations of the department


Research agenda with no outcomes, or undeveloped research agenda

  • No publications, presentations, or grants

*External funding refers to extramural competitive research grants, instructional grants, fellowships, and contracts as well as the securing of substantial gifts in kind in support of the research and/or teaching missions of the department. Internal funding refers to intramural competitive research or instructional grants, appointments and fellowships.

1. Categories and Examples of Scholarship

Examples of Scholarship in Language, Literature and Culture include but are not limited to: books, edited books, and articles that expand existing knowledge in literary studies, cultural studies, philology, textual criticism, second language acquisition and related disciplines. Examples include original criticism and analysis of literary or popular texts, films, or other visual or aural media; studies of the relationship between texts and their historical and cultural contexts; studies of material culture and its relationship to other aspects of a given culture; studies dealing with linguistic and philological questions in individual texts or parts of texts; quantitative or qualitative studies of issues in language acquisition. Scholarship also includes the integrative work involved in interpretations of literary texts, films, other visual and aural media, or material culture according to psychological, sociological, historical, or philosophical perspectives; studies that use comparative techniques or combine methods from more than one discipline; synthetic studies that draw upon existing scholarship to summarize the state of an issue or problem in a given field.

Applied scholarship in Language, Literature and Culture includes but is not limited to: studies in language, literature, culture, linguistics, or language pedagogy applied to such non-academic matters as business, economic issues, social problems, and political activity; projects, events and programs that target audiences outside the academy (such as elementary or high school students, employees of a business, or self-selected members of the general public) and increase awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity; public readings, film presentations or exhibits organized around societal issues relevant to cultural diversity and/or the global community; language/cultural immersion projects; outreach projects that address awareness of cultural and/or linguistic diversity.

Examples of Scholarship in Pedagogy include but are not limited to: books, edited books, and articles that expand existing knowledge as it relates to the foreign language classroom and instruction in foreign languages. Examples include development of new methodologies and theories; creating infrastructures for future instruction and theories; implementation of new or innovative teaching strategies in the classroom; making private teacher knowledge public; case studies; quantitative and qualitative empirical studies; action research; critical evaluation and testing of learning strategies; critical reflection on one’s own or others' teaching practices, theories, methodologies or strategies; articles and books on pedagogy that can be used for multiple disciplines; articles and books that bridge previous research on foreign language theories, methodologies or strategies; technological innovations; analysis of interdisciplinary pedagogical methodologies, strategies or theories; interdisciplinary models for formative and summative assessments.

Applied scholarship in Pedagogy includes but is not limited to: pedagogical manuals; language acquisition textbooks; pre-service and in-service teacher training; articles on language pedagogy outside of education settings; collaboration with businesses and governmental agencies; serving schools and school districts as an external consultant; models for pre-service and in-service teacher training.

Examples of Scholarship in Translation Studies include but are not limited to: books, edited books, and articles that critique specific translations, compare multiple translations, analyze the linguistic, cultural, cognitive or semantic patterns or variables in translators’ practices synchronically or diachronically; translators’ prefaces or essays discussing the methods used; translations of, for instance, a novel, a play, a book of poems, or a scholarly non-fiction text; studies that analyze translation corpora to reveal patterns or variables in translation; the development of innovative teaching methods; research on assessment and quality control issues; articles and books that integrate existing knowledge and provide an innovative interpretive analysis; the interpretation of texts; terminology articles and resources such as handbooks and guides that integrate the principles of terminology with specific field content in technical communications, information science, computational linguistics, etc.; the creation of corpora or of CAT tools; innovative computational approaches to terminology management.

Applied scholarship in Translation studies includes but is not limited to: textbooks; translations for the purposes of a non-academic public that are available for peer review and evaluation according to accepted standards; development of assessment tools; trade articles about new translation tools or programs; standards for specific industries; the creation of monolingual and multilingual technical glossaries and dictionaries in accordance with terminological principles.