Faculty Publish and Speak about Research
The college takes enormous pride in the pioneering work of our faculty and students who are constantly creating, discovering and leading the discourse in their disciplines. Recent work has involved bullying, community health needs assessment and MRSA, among other topics. Following are highlights:
Madhav P. Bhatta, PhD, assistant professor, Epidemiology, and colleagues, published Knowledge and Awareness of Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccine among Women in Two Distinct Nepali Communities in the October 23 issue of the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. They conclude that knowledge and awareness are low among women in Khokana and Sanphebagar, while acceptance of a freely available HPV vaccine for children is high, indicating potentially strong uptake rates in these communities.
Bhatta and Associate Professor of Social & Behavioral Sciences Eric S. Jefferis, PhD, published two recent articles, in collaboration with doctoral students Sunita Shakya, MPH ’13, and Krystel Tossone. In the October 2 Journal of School Health, Bhatta, Jefferis and Shakya found a strong association among rural middle-school adolescents between being bullied in school and suicide ideation and planning. In the October 29 issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, Bhatta, Jefferis, Tossone and colleagues at Akron Childrens Hospital published Risk Factors for Re-Hospitalization and Inpatient Care among Pediatric Psychiatric Intake Response Center (PIRC) Patients. Their analysis explored the general profile of pediatric patients who presented at the PIRC, the risk factors for patients who repeatedly visited the PIRC and the risk factors for PIRC patients recommended to inpatient care.
In addition, Jefferis and colleagues authored the chapter Adolescent Delinquency and Violent Behavior in the Handbook of Adolescent Behavioral Problems: Evidence-Based Approaches to Prevention and Treatment, 2d edition, forthcoming in 2015. Jefferis spoke onGun Violence in Ohio at the Ohio Society for Public Health Education 2014 Health Educator’s Institute in October.
Associate Professor of Health Policy & Management John Hoornbeek, PhD, spoke on water policy at the university’s Second AnnualWater Research Symposium, Water Infrastructure and Rebounding Cities, held October 31.
In the October Journal of Healthcare Leadership, Willie H. Oglesby, PhD, assistant professor, Health Policy & Management, and Kenneth Slenkovich, assistant dean, Operations & Community Relations, published A Mixed-Methods Approach to Conducting Internal Revenue Service-Compliant Community Health Needs Assessments: A Case Example for Nonprofit Hospital Leaders. The article offers a practical, cost-effective, step-by-step guide to conducting CHNAs that meets new IRS regulations.
Oglesby collaborated with doctoral student Tegan Beechey, MPA ‘10, and a colleague from the Center for Community Solutions on awhite paper about the body mass index (BMI) of commercial truck drivers, finding that, compared to Ohio adult drivers overall, a higher percentage of Ohio-based commercial drivers are overweight or obese. The authors argue that access to improved food options, exercise opportunities, sleep conditions and scheduling can reduce the rate of high BMI in commercial drivers and improve their health and safety.
Associate Professor Tara C. Smith, PhD, and colleagues published Molecular Typing of Antibiotic-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Nigeria in the October 25 Journal of Infection and Public Health. The scholars recovered antibiotic-resistant S. aureus isolates from clinical and community settings in Nigeria, and their insights may be used to improve antibiotic prescription methods and minimize the spread of antibiotic-resistant organisms in highly populated urban communities similar to Lagos, Nigeria. In the Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health 20, no. 4 (2014), Smith and colleagues evaluated the filtration efficiency of the N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) for airborne methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). The study showed that the N95 FFR’s filter had efficiency greater than 95 percent for airborne MRSA inside a swine facility that presented a risk of respiratory colonization and infection to swine and swine workers.
Smith and colleagues’ research on the resistance to zinc and cadmium in S. aureus of human and animal origin was published in October’s Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. This U.S. study confirmed prior European research that observed resistance to trace metals such as zinc chloride and copper sulfate in livestock-associated S. aureus. Prolonged exposure to zinc in livestock feeds and fertilizers could propagate resistance to the metal ion, thereby hindering use of zinc-based topical agents in treating S. aureus infections. The research involved a high school student, and study results were covered by Bethany Brookshire’s Eureka! Lab blog on the Society for Science & the Public website, student science section.
Smith’s insights about Ebola virology and the West African outbreak were shared on the radio program Outbreak News This Week on November 2. In addition, she was featured on a This Week in Virology netcast on October 19, discussing the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and spread of the disease to and within the United States. Smith was also quoted several times in Politico Magazine on the unlikelihood of airborne Ebola transmission, and her ScienceBlogs post on the history of the Marburg virus was cited in the Forbes pharma and healthcare blog on October 5. Smith was special guest speaker at the October 30 Undead U: A Zombie Symposium at Michigan Technological University, where she spoke on A History of Zombie Epidemics.
Professor Kenneth Zakariasen, PhD, Health Policy & Management, spoke on Rethinking Healthcare Leadership at the October 2014 Canadian Health Policy Assembly in Banff, Alberta. The forum annually assembles experts and emerging leaders from across western Canada to discuss strategic issues facing its health care system. Zakariasen addressed emotional intelligence, exemplary leadership practices and whole systems change, as well as the authenticity, persuasiveness and credibility of most effective and least effective leaders, subjects on which he is completing research.