Faculty Research, Publications Proceed Apace
The college takes enormous pride in the pioneering work of our faculty and students who are constantly creating, discovering and leading the discourse in their disciplines. Recent research has examined weight-loss interventions, sports injuries, AIDS therapy and numerous other topics. Following are highlights:
On February 24, 2014, in PLOS|One, faculty members Madhav P. Bhatta, PhD, Eric S. Jefferis, PhD, Sonia Alemagno, PhD, and Peggy Shaffer-King, along with recent MPH graduate Angela Kavadas, published a study regarding the influence of multiple adverse life experiences (sexual abuse, homelessness, running away and substance abuse in the family) on suicide ideation and suicide attempt among adolescents at a U.S. urban juvenile detention facility. The researchers concluded that adverse life experiences should be included in suicide screening tools used during intake and detention and also considered in suicide prevention programming.
In the May 2014 issue of the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vinay K. Cheruvu, PhD, assistant professor of biostatistics, and colleagues published a paper regarding how African ancestry influences the CCR5-2459G>A genotype-associated virologic success of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
Cheruvu, along with Dana S. Mowls, MPH ’12, and Assistant Professor Melissa D. Zullo, PhD, published Clinical and Individual Factors Associated with Smoking Quit Attempts among Adults with COPD: Do Factors Vary with Regard to Race? in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health on April 3, 2014, in a special issue on health behavior and public health. The study found a significant impact of healthcare factors on quit attempts among blacks with COPD, but not whites with COPD. Blacks who had a personal doctor and diagnostic testing were more likely to have made a smoking quit attempt than those who did not have these factors.
In the May 2014 issue of the Journal of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, doctoral student Julie T. Schaefer and a colleague published findings from their review of 20 weight-loss intervention programs to examine the physical and psychological effects of intuitive eating approaches. The study’s results favor the promotion of programs emphasizing a nonrestrictive pattern of eating, body acceptance and health rather than weight loss.
Environmental Health Sciences Associate Professor Tara C. Smith, PhD, spoke on Pigs, Pork and Pathogens: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Unexpected Places, on March 6, 2014, as part of the infectious disease epidemiology spring seminar series offered by the Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics at the Harvard University School of Public Health. Smith also was featured in the March 20 HSPH News in the article MRSA Spreads to the Barnyard.
Jingzhen “Ginger” Yang, PhD, associate professor, Social & Behavioral Sciences, and colleagues examined sexual violence experienced by male and female Chinese college students in Guangzhou in an Online First article published January 21, 2014, by Injury Prevention. Findings reinforce the urgent need for implementation of successful sexual violence prevention programs in China.
In an Early View article posted online on February 27, 2014, by the Journal of Rural Health, Yang and colleagues published results of a study regarding perceived correlates of domain-specific physical activity in rural adults in the U.S. Midwest.
The examination by Yang and colleagues of risk-prone pitching activities and injuries in youth baseball pitchers was published March 13, 2014, online ahead of print by the American Journal of Sports Medicine. The study reinforced the importance of avoiding risk-prone pitching activities to prevent pitching-related injuries among youth pitchers. In other sports injury research, the influence of symptoms of depression and anxiety on injury hazard among collegiate football players was examined by Yang and colleagues in volume 22, issue 2 (2014), of Research in Sports Medicine.