Using Grammatical Sentence Patterns

How are sentences formed?

Most simple sentences in English follow 10 sentence patterns.

These structures are shown in the following examples.

  1. Subj+be+adverbial of time/place Adverbial is an umbrella term which covers all adverb forms, whether single forms, phrases, or clauses.
  2. Subj+be+adjectival Adjectival is an umbrella term which covers all adjective forms, whether single words, phrases, or clauses.
  3. Subj+be+nominal Nominal is an umbrella term which covers all words that function as a noun, whether single words, phrases, or clauses. Linking verb sentences…
  4. Subj+linking verb+adjectieval
  5. Subj+linking verb+nominal Intransitive verb sentences…
  6. Subj+VI VI = verb intransitive Transitive verb sentences…
  7. Subj+VT+DO VT = verb transitive; DO = direct object
  8. Subj+VT+IO+DO IO = indirect object
  9. Subj+VT+DO+adjective (object  complement)
  10. Subj+VT+DO+noun (object  complement)
Examples:
  • The students are here.
  • She is in a bad mood.
  • The astronaut is an old man.
  • The students seem diligent.
  • The students became scholars.
  • The students rested.
  • That car needs new tires.
  • The teacher made the test easy.
  • They named their dog Oscar.
  • The judge awarded Mary the prize.

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