Kent State Researchers Publish Breakthrough in Leading Scientific Journal
Senior Research Fellow Quan Li, Ph.D., and his research group at Kent State University’s Liquid Crystal Institute®, in the College of Arts and Sciences, have published a research article in the March 17 issue of Nature that could lead to a variety of breakthrough device applications and other industrial opportunities.
The publication is the result of close collaboration between Li’s team and his long-term collaborator Timothy J. Bunning, Ph.D., chief scientist of the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate at the Air Force Research Laboratory at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio.
The article, titled “Three-Dimensional Control of the Helical Axis of a Chiral Nematic Liquid Crystal by Light,” details how light can be used to manipulate chiral nematic liquid crystals, also known as cholesteric liquid crystals (CLCs).
“Dynamic, remote and three-dimensional control over the helical axis of CLCs is desirable, but challenging,” Li says.
Gaining control over cholesteric liquid crystals has typically been a complicated process, involving electric fields or the altering of the cholesteric liquid crystals’ conditions in order to initiate movement. The process of three-dimensional control over the helical axis detailed in this new study relies solely on the use of light stimulus as an elegant catalyst for “on-demand” cholesteric liquid crystals movement.
Li, a 2014 Kent State Outstanding Research and Scholarship Award recipient, and his group have been working on this project since 2009, when he was awarded a five-year research grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. He is “excited and honored” that, in close collaboration with Bunning, his team’s work has been disseminated by Nature, the leading and most highly cited, peer-reviewed interdisciplinary science journal in the world. For this Nature article, Li’s team includes Zhi-gang Zheng, Yannian Li, Hari Krishna Bisoyi and Ling Wang.
Hiroshi Yokoyama, Ph.D., director of Kent State’s Liquid Crystal Institute, believes that this discovery demonstrates the importance of research in liquid crystals.
“The phenomena reported by Quan Li’s group is another example demonstrating the universality and the power of the concept born in the Liquid Crystal Institute and will add another lineage to the family,” Yokoyama says.
The potential applications of Li’s research are numerous. Apple devices, for example, already use some of these concepts, such as photo alignment. Yokoyama believes that they have only scratched the surface of industrial applications for these discoveries.
“We believe there are much bigger industrial opportunities,” Yokoyama says. “The strength of the Liquid Crystal Institute is its breadth of expertise covering basic and applied research. We will see applied devices to come utilizing the scientific breakthroughs made here.”
Li sees his research as potentially opening doors and may provide the impetus for many other discoveries and applications.
“The material can potentially be employed in nonmechanical, two-dimensional beam steering, spectrum scanning, free-space optical communication, adaptive-optics systems and phased-array radar, and other photonic devices,” Li said. “This work is a step toward the realization of complex, light-activated smart systems and dynamic, reconfigurable three-dimensional architectures in self-organized materials and beyond.”
In 2015, Kent State’s Liquid Crystal Institute celebrated its 50th year, and it will host the International Liquid Crystal Conference, the largest academic meeting in the field of liquid crystals, from July 31-Aug. 5.
To read the Nature article, visit www.nature.com/nature/journal/v531/n7594/full/nature17141.html.
To learn more about Li’s research, visit www.lcinet.kent.edu/users/qli180/PI/Li.htm.
For more information about the Liquid Crystal Institute at Kent State, visit www.lci.kent.edu.