I received a B.A. from Mount Union College in 1984 and my M.A. in 1986 from Bowling Green State University. I worked for seven years in student affairs. My last position in this field was Director of Residence Life at Cleveland State University, where I also began my doctoral studies in Urban Education. After leaving Cleveland State University as an administrator I decided to transfer to Kent State University to pursue a degree in Cultural Foundations of Education. I received my PhD from Kent in May, 2003. My current research interest is pre-service teachers personality traits as they relate to openness to issues of diversity.