FYE Student Resources

May 4 Sources for FYE Students

Selected from the May 4 Collection by Special Collections & Archives, Kent State University Libraries

Students - Please Cite Your Sources!
Be sure to give credit to the original creators by citing the source of each photograph, audio clip, or video file you use in your assignment. Citation information may be copied from the information in the Citation field (right-hand portion of screen directly below a given image or file) and pasted into your assignment’s bibliography or list of sources used. The author or photographer of each item, when available, should also be noted. You may access this information by clicking on the Item Information icon that appears at the top, center of the screen for each digital item accessed. All materials are owned by Kent State University and may be protected by U.S. Copyright Law. Usage of these materials outside of the scope of this assignment may require permission from Kent State University, the copyright owner, or both. For more information, please contact your instructor or the Kent State University Department of Special Collections & Archives.

Materials on the Kent State University Special Collections & Archives Digital Collections website, including collections hosted externally, have been provided for historical research and educational purposes only. The views and opinions expressed in these materials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of Kent State University. The content of some material may be considered sensitive, objectionable, and/or graphic in nature. Viewer and listener discretion is advised.


See the Special Collections & Archives Guide to Photographs in the May 4 Collection for more information.

May 1-4, 1970

  1. Man addressing the crowd at the Victory Bell (burying the Constitution), May 1, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  2. People in front of the Victory Bell with shovels (burying the Constitution), May 1, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  3. Emil Berg, KSU Business Manager, inspecting damaged information booth, May 3, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  4. Burned ROTC building, May 3, 1970 (Source: Frank Smith)
  5. Roadblock at Satterfield Hall, looking west on Summit St., May 3, 1970 (Source: Chuck Ayers)
  6. Students and guardsmen, Hilltop Dr., looking toward front campus, May 3, 1970 (Source: Chuck Ayers)
  7. Ohio National Guard and members from Black United Students (BUS), May 3, 1970 (Source: Lafayette Tolliver)
  8. Ohio National Guard vehicle and personnel, corner of Main and Lincoln, likely May 3, 1970 (Source: Frank Smith)
  9. National Guard vehicles, campus, new library in background, likely May 3, 1970 (Source: Frank Smith)
  10. Crowd on campus, National Guard in Background, May 4, 1970 (Source: Ohio State Highway Patrol)
  11. National Guard personnel in jeep, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  12. Crowd of people, some people are yelling and making gestures, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  13. National Guard personnel with rifles, bayonets fixed, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  14. People running, one person is in the act of throwing something, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  15. National Guard personnel walking toward crowd near Taylor Hall, tear gas has been fired, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  16. Crowd of people near where tear gas has been fired, May 4, 1970 (Source: Ohio State Highway Patrol)
  17. Throwing back a tear gas canister, May 4, 1970 (Source: Chuck Ayers)
  18. Guardsmen kneel and aim into Prentice parking lot, May 4, 1970 (Source: Chuck Ayers)
  19. People ducking and running for cover in and around a parking lot, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  20. People lying prostrate on ground, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  21. An injured person (John Cleary) being given first aid, near Don Drumm sculpture, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  22. Crowd around Don Drumm sculpture, injured or slain person being taken to ambulance, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  23. Injured student receiving first aid attention, May 4, 1970 (Source: Ohio State Highway Patrol)
  24. KSU faculty member Glenn Frank talking to a crowd of people, blood in parking lot is visible in background, May 4, 1970 (Source: KSU News Service)
  25. National Guardsman on a gurney (Source: KSU News Service)
  26. Seated crowd of people including faculty members (Source: KSU News Service)
  27. Bullet hole in tree by Don Drumm sculpture, May 4, 1970 (Source: Frank Smith)
  28. After the shootings, students in a state of shock, sitting, standing, surrounded by the National Guard, May 4, 1970 (Source: Ralph Solonitz)
  29. Young woman looking down at blood stain and spatters in Prentice parking lot, May 4, 1970 (Source: Ralph Solonitz)
  30. Military and lay personnel examine the bullet hole in the Solar Totem #1 (Drumm) sculpture, May 4, 1970 (Source: Ralph Solonitz)

Audio Recordings

See the Special Collections & Archives Guide to Audio Footage in the May 4 Collection for more information.

  1. WKSU News Perspective Show, May 2, 1970 (Source: Weiser; WKSU)
  2. President White's Statement on Campus Disorders, May 3, 1970 (Source: Weiser; WKSU)
  3. Governor James Rhodes Press Conference, Kent, OH, May 3, 1970 (Source: Carpenter; WKNT)
  4. The 1971 Chestnut Burr Record Insert (compilation of audio footage from May 1-4, 1970) (Source: Carpenter; WKNT)
  5. Reactions After Shootings by Students and Others, May 4, 1970 (Source: Weiser; WKSU)
  6. President White's Statement After the Shootings, May 4, 1970 (Source: Weiser; WKSU)
  7. Ohio National Guard Press Conferences, May 4 and May 5, 1970 (Source: Carpenter; WKNT)
  8. President Robert I. White Press Conference, May 6, 1970 (Source: Carpenter; WKNT)
  9. Press Conference with KSU Students Who Met with Nixon, May 6, 1970 (Source: Weiser; WKSU)
  10. WKSU News Broadcasts, May 8, 1970 (Source: Weiser; WKSU)

Films & Videos

See the Special Collections & Archives Guide to Films in the May 4 Collection for more information.

  1. Footage from Moratorium Marches in Kent, Ohio, Fall 1969 (no audio) (Source: KSU Police)
  2. May 4 Memorial Groundbreaking Ceremony, January 1989 (Source: University Communications & Marketing)
  3. May 4 Memorial Dedication Ceremony, 1990 (Source: University Communications & Marketing)
  4. Prentice Parking Lot Memorial Markers Dedication, 1999 (Source: University Communications & Marketing)
  5. Media Availability with Wounded Students and Family Members of Slain Students, 2000 (Source: University Communications & Marketing)
  6. Clips including Candlelight Vigil, Memorial Services, May 3-4, 2000 (Source: University Communications & Marketing)
  7. C-SPAN 35th Anniversary of Kent State Shootings panel discussion, 2005 (Source: C-SPAN)

Oral Histories

A selection of interviews from the Kent State Shootings: Oral History Project

  1. Berman, Gayle
    An undergraduate student at Kent State University in 1970, Gayle Berman got out of class on May 4 and then walked right into the middle of the events taking place on the Commons before the shots were fired.
  2. DeFrange, Timothy
    A Kent, Ohio, resident and Kent State University student in 1970, Timothy DeFrange describes what happened to him and his family the day of the shootings on campus. In the year prior to the shootings, DeFrange's brother had been killed in the Vietnam War.
  3. DiPaolo, Roger
    Roger DiPaolo was a 14-year-old who lived in Kent, Ohio, and attended Davey Junior High School at the time of the Kent State Shootings on May 4, 1970.
  4. Gallagher, Diane
    An undergraduate student from New York City, Diane Gallagher discusses her experiences at Kent State University from 1969 to 1972.
  5. Krummel, Arthur
    Arthur Krummel was a member of the 145th Infantry, Ohio Army National Guard and was on duty on the Kent State University campus in May of 1970.
  6. Lewis, Jerry M.
    Jerry Lewis, Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Kent State University, was an eyewitness to the shootings and describes his experiences and observations from the years leading up to and the days surrounding the shootings.
  7. Moore, Edmund Timothy
    E. Timothy Moore was an undergraduate student at Kent State University in 1970, and, at the time of this interview, was Associate Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Kent State.
  8. Peach, John A.
    John Peach was Chief of Police and Director of Public Safety at Kent State University at the time of this interview. He grew up in Kent and had just started his career with the campus police force in the fall of 1970, during the aftermath of the shootings.
  9. Pittman, Curtis
    An undergraduate student at Kent State University in 1970, Curtis Pittman relates his memories of the days surrounding the shootings on campus. He was a member of BUS (Black United Students) and discusses that organization as well as the African-American community in Kent.
  10. Tyrrell, Lilian
    The wife of Kent State University School of Art faculty member Brinsley Tyrrell, Lilian Tyrrell describes her experiences during the days surrounding the May 4, 1970, shootings on campus.