Writing Tools

The National Archives

Essays and Examples

Using Primary Sources (dohistory.org)
Making Sense of Film, by Tom Gunning (History Matters)
Making Sense of Maps, by David T. Stephens (History Matters)
Material Culture        
How to Read a Graveyard (dohistory.org)
Oral History       
Making Sense of Oral History, by Linda Shopes (History Matters)       
Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History, by Judith Moyer (dohistory.org)
SpecificTypes of Documents       
How to Read Probate Records (dohistory.org)       
How to Search Deeds (dohistory.org)

The Research Paper

Preparation and Research

Stages of a History Research Project (dohistory.org)
How to Make a Timeline (dohistory.org)
Workshop:  Evaluating Sources of Information (Purdue University Online Writing Lab)
Research and Documenting Resources (Purdue University Online Writing Lab)
Academic Writing:  Research Papers (University of Wisconsin)

Note-Taking Tool

Scribe http://chnm.gmu.edu/tools/scribe/ (free note-taking program designed especially with historians in mind, George Mason University)


Workshop:  Writing a Research Paper (Purdue University Online Writing Lab)
Mini-Lessons (Kent State University Writing Center)
Planning Your Work (Purdue University Online Writing Lab)
Writing the Paper (University of North Carolina)
Effective Presentation (Purdue University Online Writing Lab)
Revising, Editing, and Proofreading (Purdue University Online Writing Lab)


Boston University Department of History Writing Guide
Writing Tutor (University of Calgary)
Writing in History (University of North Carolina)

Avoiding Plagiarism

What is Plagiarism? (Concordia University)
How Not to Plagiarize (University of Toronto)
Avoiding Plagiarism (Sharon Williams, Hamilton College)
Avoiding Plagiarism:  Mastering the Art of Scholarship (University of California, Davis)

Citation Methods

Citation Styles for Research Papers (Long Island University)
Guide for Documenting Electronic Resources (Purdue University Online Writing Lab)
Citing Primary Sources: MLA (American Memory Project, Library of Congress)

The Book Review

Writing Book Reviews (Indiana University)
Guide to Writing Book Reviews (University of South Dakota)
How to Write A Book Review (Dalhousie University)

The Historiographical Paper

Writing Historiographical Papers (Michael Ballagh and Jennifer Hillman Helgren, Claremont Graduate University)

The Annotated Bibliography

Academic Writing:  Annotated Bibliography (University of Wisconsin)

Study Skills and Strategies

General Guides

Online Study Skills Self-Help Information (Virginia Tech)

Listening, Lecture Note-taking and Classroom Participation

Note-taking and In-Class Skills (Virginia Tech)


Textbook Study Techniques (Southern Illinois University)
Studying (University of St. Thomas)
Learning With Others (University of St. Thomas)
Reading Skills (University of St. Thomas)

Test Preparation and Taking

Tips on Essay Exams (University of North Carolina)


Resumés, Cover Letters, and CVs

Resumés, Cover Letters, and CVs (Constance Devereaux and Jennifer Hillman Helgren, Claremont Graduate University)