Using Quotation Marks

What are quotation marks?

Quotation marks are used primarily to enclose the exact speech of and give credit to authors other than oneself. Quotation marks also may be used to set off certain titles, ironic language, or specific terms.

  • Placing periods and commas  inside the quotation marks
  • Placing semi‐colons and colons  outside the quotation marks.
  • Placing question marks,  exclamation marks, and dashes  inside or outside the quotation  marks, depending on their use in  the sentence. If the punctuation applies to the material in quotes, place the mark inside the quotation marks. If the punctuation applies to the entire sentence, place the mark outside the quotation marks.
  • Place a quote within a quote in  single quotation marks.
Quotation marks may also be used to…
  • Indicate the titles of brief works.
    • For example, short stories, poems, book chapters, song titles, newspaper sections or articles, magazine articles, and essays.

Examples:

  1. The Declaration of Independence begins with, “When in the course of human events”. 
  2. The Declaration of Independence begins with, “When in the course of human events.”

 

  1. In an essay about the Declaration of Independence, students discussed the expression “all men are created equal”; therefore, Helen wrote a feminist interpretation of “men.” 

 

  1. What did you write on the test about the statement, “[A]ll men are created equal?”
  2. What did you write on the test about the statement, “[A]ll men are created equal”?

 

  1. Mary’s essay focused on the question, “Why do we insist that “all men” refers only to males, not humans?” 
  2. Mary’s essay focused on the question, “Why do we insist that ‘all men’ refers only to males, not humans?”

 

  1. Halo is the best track on the Deadwing CD. 
  2. “Halo” is the best track on the Deadwing CD.

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https://www-s3-live.kent.edu/s3fs-root/s3fs-public/file/quotation-marks.pdf