Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory

The Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is dedicated to understanding and disseminating data related to how the body responds to physiological stress.

Specifically, to elucidate how the cardiovascular systems respond to a variety of different resistance exercise regimes and ergogenic aids in healthy populations and those with cardiovascular dysfunction.

The vision of the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory is of a world that recognizes and embraces the knowledge of the American College of Sports Medicine and the National Strength and Conditioning Association and understands that Exercise is Medicine.

Dr. Kingsley's Bibliography


To learn more about the Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory, please contact Dr. Kingsley, FACSM, CSCS*D, EP-C at or 330-672-0222.


Equipment - Cardiovascular Dynamics Lab

The laboratory is equipped with the necessary material to measure numerous cardiovascular variables. 

For measurement of autonomic modulation, we use a tilt table and an electrocardiogram connected to an AD Instruments Power Lab.  Continual blood pressure is measured with a Finometer coupled with an ADInstruments PowerLab.  The electrocardiogram and blood pressure are analyzed with WinCPRS software in order to derive heart rate variability, an index of autonomic modulation, and baroreflex sensitivity.  The laboratory also utilizes a SphygmoCor  (Atcor Medical) for the assessment of the pulse wave reflection characteristics and central pulse wave velocity.  For peripheral arterial function, we use a Hokanson and strain gauge plethysmography.  The laboratory utilizes a MR4 Class IIIb low-level laser (Multi Radiance, LLC) as a prophylactic and treatment modality as well as a Wingate cycle ergometer (Monark) for the assessment of power.  Furthermore, much of our work does happen in the Strength Laboratory as resistance exercise is one of our primary modalities.

Our work on resistance exercise is robust. Recently, our work on ergogenic aids, primarily caffeine and cannabis, has allowed for novel approaches to understand how both of these affect recovery.