Toward a Model of Safety and Care for Trauma Room Design

"Toward a Model of Safety and Care for Trauma Room Design" is a $2.47 m grant project awarded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). It is a cross-disciplinary collaboration between Kent State University’s Healthcare Design, Nursing, and Computer Science programs and Cleveland Clinic Akron General. The project aims to help save patients’ lives by improving the design of Level I trauma rooms. Dynamics among people, technology, organization, tasks, and the physical environment of a trauma room will be studied. The project is a five-phase cycle (problem analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation). Goals of the project include developing design strategies to integrate technology and maximize future adaptability, testing proposed design strategies for a trauma room, and developing an evidence-based model for designing trauma rooms that support efficient patient care while maintaining a safe environment. The developed design guide model is expected to contribute to patient safety in trauma rooms by serving as a primary source to direct the design of the next generation of trauma rooms.


Agency for Healthcare Research Quality


September 2019 - September 2023


  • Sara Bayramzadeh, Ph.D., M.Arch.

    Sara Bayramzadeh, Ph.D., M.Arch.

    Coordinator and Elliot Professor, Healthcare Design Program | Principal Investigator
    Dr. Bayramzadeh is recognized for her research on operating room design and is interested in how effective environmental design can enhance healthcare outcomes, such as patient and staff safety and satisfaction. She is also interested in the innovation that emerges from interdisciplinary research collaborations.

  • Douglas L. Delahanty, Ph.D.

    Douglas L. Delahanty, Ph.D.

    Associate Vice President, Research Faculty Development | Professor, Department of Psychological Sciences
    Dr. Delahanty is an expert in the area of early biopsychological predictors of PTSD, and he has extensive experience assessing traumatic experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder, and comorbid disorders in children and adults recruited within hours following traumatic injury at adult and child hospitals.

  • Mary K. Anthony, Ph.D., RN

    Mary K. Anthony, Ph.D., RN

    Professor and Associate Dean for Research, College of Nursing
    Dr. Anthony has made significant contributions to nursing and health systems research focusing on building the science exploring the relationship between care delivery systems and patient, nurse and organizational outcomes, primarily in acute care settings. Her work has been funded by NINR, AHRQ and other prestigious professional organizations and has been used in shaping national nursing position statements.

  • Sahar Ahmadpour

    Sahar Ahmadpour

    Graduate Research Assistant, Healthcare Design Program
    Sahar holds a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in Architecture. She has held positions as a faculty member and an architectural designer. Sahar’s research focuses on safety in trauma rooms and investigating how to enhance efficiency in healthcare environments, especially in emergency departments using Lean methodology. Her research interests also include the impact of the physical environment on social relationships with a focus on the elderly. 

  • Parsa Aghaei

    Parsa Aghaei

    Graduate Research Assistant, Healthcare Design Program
    Parsa is conducting research on designing trauma rooms based on a systems engineering model. He started his career as a multi-disciplinary designer at an early age. Having worked for major hospital contractors in Iran as a designer, he is now pursuing his graduate studies in Healthcare Design to make his mark in human-focused architecture and design. His other research interests include the effects of technology on healthcare architecture and improved experiences through the use of AR/MR.

  • Leong Yin Tanya Chiu

    Leong Yin Tanya Chiu

    Graduate Research Assistant, Healthcare Design Program
    Tanya is a first-year graduate student in the Master of Healthcare Design Program. She earned a bachelor’s degree in interior design from the University of Florida in May 2020. During her senior year, she worked as a research assistant for research “Design for Mindfulness” supported by the ASID Foundation Research Grants Program 2019. In addition, she worked as a summer interior design intern at Hong Kong Gensler in 2018 & 2019. 

  • Terri Stefanko

    Terri Stefanko

    Project Coordinator
    Terri assists with the research project in different capacities, including coordination among the three institutions involved in the research. She holds a Master’s degree in Art Therapy from Florida State University. She also has a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology with an Art minor from Bowling Green State University. When not at work, she enjoys painting, traveling, reading, yoga, and spending time outside.

  • Kayla O'Donnell

    Kayla O'Donnell

    Nursing Honors Student
    Kayla is a second-year undergraduate Honors nursing student at Kent State University. She is an active member in Kent State’s Student Nurses Association and volunteers through the American Red Cross Club. She enjoys hanging out with friends and family, watching movies, and exercising when she’s not studying.

  • Madeline Sterling

    Madeline Sterling

    Nursing Honors Student
    Madeline is a third-year nursing student at Kent State University. After graduating, she hopes to work on a labor and delivery floor and then earn her Master’s degree in Midwifery or Women’s Health. When she’s not studying, she enjoys spending time with her family and pets, crafting, or going on a run in the national parks.

  • Md Mazharul Islam

    Md Mazharul Islam

    Graduate Research Assistant, Healthcare Design Program
    Md Mazharul Islam (Maz) completed his Master of Architecture from Miami University, Ohio. He did his summer internship in PENH Studio, LLC in Houston, Texas where he worked on schematic design, design development, construction drawings, AHJ submittals, and visualization of retail projects. Before pursuing his master’s degree in the US, he worked for more than two years in Bangladesh as an Assistant Architect. He completed his Bachelor of Architecture from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. 

  • Zhengyong Ren

    Zhengyong Ren

    Graduate Research Assistant, Computer Science Program
    Zhengyong is a second-year doctoral student in Computer Science at Kent State University. His research focuses on Visualization and Deep Learning. Zhengyong has his Master’s degree in Computer Science from Kent State University as well. Before he came to the United States in 2016, Zhengyong taught in Zhengjiang Province in mainland China as a high school physics and computer science teacher for five years. 

  • Kambiz Ghazinour Naini, Ph.D.

    Kambiz Ghazinour Naini, Ph.D.

    Assistant Professor, Center for Criminal Justice, Intelligence and CyberSecurity at SUNY in Canton | Director of the Advanced Information Security and Privacy Lab
    Dr. Ghazinour has been actively involved in the areas of security, privacy, and data analysis since 2008. He has also conducted many privacy-related research projects investigating data mining and machine learning and privacy-aware models.

Cleveland Clinic Akron General

  • Ali F. Mallat, MD, MS, FACS

    Ali F. Mallat, MD, MS, FACS

  • Jessica Krizo, Ph.D.

    Jessica Krizo, Ph.D.

  • Steven Brooks, MD

    Steven Brooks, MD